10.12.2012Constitutional Crisis in EgyptNo More Time for Dialogue?
Faced with ongoing street protests, President Morsi has made some concessions. But the underlying conflict continues – and the opposition has called for more protests. Matthias Sailer reports from Cairo
Egyptian President Mohammed Morsi had called for a "dialogue" meeting with the opposition, but in the end the majority of the 50 participants were Islamists. The main opposition leaders boycotted the meeting, arguing that Morsi would grant too few concessions. Instead, they called for Morsi to rescind his presidential decree granting him extensive powers. They also demanded at least the deferral of the constitutional referendum and a new constitutional assembly.
What the opposition got, however, was the revocation of the old decree and the proclamation of a new one.
According to the new decree, Morsi's decisions are no longer immune to judicial review. The referendum on the constitution will go ahead. If a majority votes for the constitution, parliamentary elections will follow. If, however, the constitution is rejected, there will be public elections for a new constitutional assembly.
Morsi presses ahead with referendum
The opposition is opposed to Morsi's decision to press ahead with his planned referendum on December 15, 2012. The referendum was the main reason behind President Morsi's controversial decree in the first place.
Matthias Sailer: "Despite the concession, it seems that Morsi has kept the upper hand in the ongoing conflict. But the ongoing conflict has deepened the rift between the government and the opposition" Street protests continue and the military on Saturday (8 December 2012) urged Morsi to solve the crisis, warning that the situation might lead Egypt into a "dark tunnel", should the political powers fail to stem the tide. Despite the concession, it seems that Morsi has kept the upper hand in the ongoing conflict. He has shown his willingness to compromise, while holding on to his main goal.
But the ongoing conflict has deepened the rift between the government and the opposition. The latter must now decide whether to seek a total confrontation with Morsi or accept the planned referendum.
President Morsi was elected in the second round with 51 percent of the votes. Some observers believe that many Egyptians only voted for Morsi because the alternative candidate was the ousted former president's prime minister, Ahmed Shafik.
In the first round, only a quarter of the voters supported Mursi. More than two thirds of voters supported four non-Islamist candidates.
To a certain extent, the ongoing protests reflect these election results – and the opposition's fear that the Muslim Brothers and Salafists are pushing for an overly Islamist agenda. Walid, a protester in his mid-30s, told Deutsche Welle, "You can't say who is Muslim or Christian. This is Egypt. But they want to turn it into Iran. We won't accept a new Ayatollah Khomeini."
Egypt's military has warned of "disastrous consequences" if the political crisis gripping the country is not resolved through dialogue. But for a large part of the opposition, the time for dialogue is over The opposition is convinced that the Muslim Brothers have repeatedly broken the promises they made. They point to the constitutional assembly as one such example: During the power struggle with the army, the Muslim Brothers had promised a balanced representation of views in Egypt. Over the last couple of months, however, many opposition members resigned from the assembly, claiming it was failing on precisely that front.
Mohammed Shahin, an electrical engineer demonstrating in front of the presidential palace told Deutsche Welle that he was opposed to dialogue with President Morsi and that he would continue demonstrating. "We don't want them to talk to him. The time for dialogue is over. The Muslim Brothers betrayed us and the people after the revolution."
© Deutsche Welle 2012
Qantara.de editor: Lewis Gropp