13.05.2008Portrait: Massoud HossainiThe Photographer from KabulWe are used to international photographers showing us Afghanistan filtered through their eyes. Rarely do Afghan photographers have the opportunity to present their work internationally. Massoud Hossaini has been given such a chance. A portrait by Martin Gerner
Many of Hossaini's photographs show scenes of everyday life. According to Hossaini, these aspects of Afghanistan are almost completely ignored by the Western media Photographers occasionally share the same lot as literary translators – people know their work, but not their names. Massoud Hossaini, for instance, has had his photos emblazoned across the front pages of international newspapers in Hong Kong, New York, and Germany. The 28-year-old Kabul native works in the Afghan capital as photographer for the AFP news agency.
The path he has taken, however, has been anything other than a simple one. Photography was forbidden under the Taliban, and college-level courses in photography were not – nor are they now – offered in Afghanistan. Only with the arrival of aid organizations after the fall of the Taliban did the situation change.
Rising from the ruins of Kabul
Massoud Hossaini completed a two-year training program in photojournalism offered by the "Aina" media initiative. In 2003, much lay in ruins, recalls his teacher. "We then gathered together old 35 mm cameras, even odd parts, whenever they fell into our hands. This way we were able to repair broken cameras. Some of the youngest course participants weren't even 18 yet."
His first hands-on experience with a camera was in Iran, where Massoud Hossaini and his family spent almost twenty years in exile because of war and then civil war in Afghanistan.
"At first, I would walk for hours through fields of rubble. I found children playing there and I tried to depict everything that I saw with my own colors," says Hossaini, remembering the months following his return. "Despite all the destruction, Kabul at twilight has its own special light and dust, creating a unique beauty and aesthetic," he explains.
For quite some time now, the slightly built 28-year-old has had to travel to the sites of suicide attacks to earn his daily bread. "I constantly witness people dying. And I constantly have to suppress feelings of agitation and sadness."
In contrast to most of his international photographer colleagues, Hossaini is not insured should something happen to him. The photos he has taken of terrorist attacks have quite literally taken away his appetite. As a result of his work, he now only eats a vegetarian diet, says Massoud Hossaini.
A flash point between various perspectives
"What is so fascinating about my work is that within a single day I can portray the lives of simple people and also capture official political events" Despite all this, he loves his profession and sees himself as privileged. "What is so fascinating about my work is that within a single day I can portray the lives of simple people and also capture official political events."
His greatest desire is to complete studies abroad. He regards the situation in his homeland with mixed feelings. "The goal for the foreseeable future must be for the Afghan army and police to ensure security in the country themselves, while the international community provides them with support."
Not so long ago, Hossaini's photos were part of an exhibition in Berlin entitled "Unfinished Business." It attempted, in particular, to present life beyond the events making the headlines. "There are so many images of Afghanistan that the Western media will never show. These include pictures of normal, daily life."
Modern camera equipment
As a photographer working for an international news agency, Massoud Hossaini finds himself in a flash point between an Eastern and Western perspective. Recently, he was given the opportunity to work as an "embedded journalist" photographing US Army military camps. Previously, this would have been impossible for an Afghan journalist.
At the Goethe Institute in Kabul, where he has taken part in many training courses over the years, he now occasionally teaches workshops for the next generation of Afghan photographers. He has also shot photos for the German news magazine "Der Spiegel."
For the last few weeks he has been particularly happy – his agency has provided him with new camera equipment. Finally, he has the exact same equipment as his foreign colleagues, who fly in to Kabul.
© Qantara.de 2008
Translated from the German by John Bergeron