The democracy movement of 2011 is not the first such upswing to grip the Arab world. It revives the hopes associated with the "Nahda", or "Arab Renaissance", of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. An analysis by Jean-Pierre FiliuMore
The Hagia Sophia in Istanbul has become a bone of contention. Since it was secularised in 1935, it has been a museum. Now Turkish nationalists want to turn it back into a mosque - while the Patriarch of Constantinople wants to use it as a church again. A photo essay by Klaus Dahmann.