Theatre of Hope
When Palestinian Malak Abu Gharbia was 12 years old, she met the famous Syrian actor and comedian Doraid Lahham after a theatre performance. "He asked whether I wanted to become an actress one day too," says Malak, who is now 20 years old. "I wasn't able to say a single word." Since the encounter, film and theatre have been part of her life. She soaked up everything that had anything to do with them, read plays and went to see performances whenever possible.
For the past half year, Malak has been able to live out her passion: she is studying acting at the theatre academy in Ramallah in the West Bank. Juliet in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet was one of her first roles.
Malak, who was born in Jerusalem, learns various acting techniques such as improvisation as well as singing, fencing and pantomime five days a week. She also trains her voice and rehearses. Although the academy is the first and only acting school in the West Bank, her training is no different to what she would receive in Europe.
The academy was founded in 2009 with the help of the Folkwang University of the Arts in Essen, Germany. The teachers there advise the staff at the Ramallah academy and are helping them to build what will in future be a state-approved college. Exchanges and guest performances are part of the cooperation.
So far, the lion's share of funding has come from Germany, but the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah would also like to contribute in the future. Speaking at the opening of the academy in 2009, Prime Minister Salam Fayyad said that the academy is helping to maintain the history, heritage and culture of Palestine.
Little acceptance of theatre
Despite the euphoria, the initiators of the project know that they have a long road ahead of them. Aside from a lack of infrastructure, there simply isn't enough acceptance of theatre yet in the West Bank.
"In Arab countries, there's very little in the way of theatre culture," said George Ibrahim, head of the academy, actor and director of the Al-Kasaba theatre in Ramallah, adding that that is why there are very few contemporary plays. In light of the situation in the West Bank, there's the added difficulty that people once again need to learn how important culture can be for their society.
This is an experience shared by Malak: "I have met with nothing but intolerance," she says. In her home village of Al-Ama near the barrier, neighbours asked whether she didn't have anything better to do with her life than study something that couldn't guarantee her a job or a future.
Without the support of her family, Malak said she would not been able to pursue her dream, certainly not as she's a woman: "Women need the permission of the family," says Petra Barghouthi, who teaches movement at the academy.
Expressing feelings though acting
But even with the permission of their families, there is no guarantee that students will finish their education. Fathers often take their daughters back out of the school. All too often, their studies there go against their religious sentiment. "For them, smoking, for instance, or contact with men are unacceptable," says Barghouthi. Malak, however, is not willing to accept such a traditional view of women's roles in society: "It's something we have to change."
Ramzey Hasan also says he wants to use theatre to wake up society. The 29-year-old is in his third year at the academy and studied psychology before he went into acting. "People here have to realise how much their life is connected to culture," he said.
Many people in the West Bank are still dealing with the pain and aftermath of the last intifada, he says, adding that theatre could help them come to terms with it. He says that he realised how well he could express feelings and thoughts through acting and adds that by doing so, he "learned a lot about himself."
An uncertain future
Petra Barghouthi knows how much the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the difficulties of everyday life in the West Bank impact on the way the 21 drama students develop their art. "In rehearsals, emotions that are buried deep inside often come to the surface," she says.
Assuming other roles enables the young students to leave behind their traumas and past experiences – often for the first time. Such experiences are rare in the West Bank.
Usually, the young actors come back to reality with a bang. Muayad Owda, one of the academy's first six graduates, knows this all too well. The 25-year-old works with a street theatre that's playing across the entire West Bank. Unfortunately, the wages are very low. "I have to have a job on the side," he says. But he knew that it wouldn't be easy to make a living as an actor: "The market here is simply too small." The young man from Kalkilya says that he would like to go abroad, "By the time there is something happening here, I'll be 80 years old."
For Malek though, leaving is not an option. As far as she is concerned, the school is the first step towards establishing theatre in Palestinian society, and theatre is connected to her hope to reinvigorate society. "Even if we don't get anything out of it, then the generation after us will," she says.
© Deutsche Welle 2013
Editor: Sean Sinico/dw.de and Aingeal Flanagan/Qantara.de