A Small, Albeit Costly, Victory
Being granted full membership in The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is an important milestone for Palestine and a step towards full membership in the United Nations (UN). UNESCO's decision should be seen as a signal that the international community is ready to help Palestinian statehood.
The decision will also have practical benefits, as there are plenty of historically and culturally important sites in Israel and Palestine – which Western nations like to call the Holy Land – that are bones of contention between the two sides. Jerusalem's Old Town, which was illegally annexed by Israel, with its religious relics is an example.
There are also many artifacts from numerous excavation sites in the occupied territories that have nearly all gone to Israeli museums. There is also the Dead Sea, which is of equal significance for Israelis, Jordanians and Palestinians. Israel has been pushing for it to be recognised as a world heritage site.
But the Palestinians have not had full access to the Dead Sea and they have been completely excluded from exploiting its salts and minerals. Membership in UNESCO may well give the Palestinians the opportunity to get more involved and it may give them some protection.
Resistance to Palestinian statehood
Having said that, UNESCO's decision may well turn out to be a pyrrhic victory. It's unlikely to further their goal of full statehood as crucial countries like the US and Germany voted against Palestinian membership. The US has even said it will stop payments to UNESCO. The German government said a yes vote would have jeopardized peace talks between Israel and Palestine. Germany also said that it did not want to pre-empt the UN Security Council's pending decision on full membership of the UN.
But these arguments are not convincing. The renewed peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians that started last week and that are held not directly between the two sides, but between representatives from the Middle East Quartet, have stalled because Israel refuses to halt settlements and because it refuses to accept the territorial integrity of a future Palestinian state.
And it seems that the German government has already decided on its stance regarding Palestine's full membership in the UN: Berlin has decided against it despite paying lip service to a two-state solution for years.
UNESCO's decision to grant Palestine full membership was absolutely right and an important signal. To not support it is politically short-sighted and morally questionable.
© Deutsche Welle 2011
Deutsche Welle editor: Chuck Penfold, Qantara.de editor: Lewis Gropp