Saudi Arabia Doomed to Renewal
Why aren't Saudi women allowed to vote in the current local elections?
Abdul Aziz Al-Khamis: Women in Saudi Arabia have major problems – not only the question of voting rights. Women want more. They are demanding basic rights such as equality with men or also the right to drive a car. This is why they view the issue of voting rights as more of a formality – even Saudi men have not yet been granted full political rights. We know that the government had at first promised women that they would be able to vote in the current elections. But this promise was not kept.
How important are the local elections in your opinion, from a political standpoint?
Abdul Aziz Al-Khamis: Elections always play a part in creating a political culture, the culture of voting and campaigning. That is perhaps the most important fruit borne by this experiment. This experiment is not enough, though, because the citizens only elect half of the members of their local parliament. Furthermore, these bodies are not vested with important powers; they are more like advisory councils without any authority. Their benefit consists for the government and the regime in demonstrating to the West that certain democratic reforms are being carried out in Saudi Arabia, too.
In fact, though, an important point here is that the Saudi citizen has begun to exercise his right to vote. This is already a new development in its own right, and it will certainly not stop at that. The pressure will grow for these bodies to be granted even more authority.
Those in power in Saudi Arabia might nevertheless be tempted to try to sell the current elections abroad as a form of democracy…
Abdul Aziz Al-Khamis: Yes, that is exactly what is happening. They already did so during the first elections of this kind in 2005, and ended up profiting from this tactic. Back then they tried to demonstrate to those forces in the West that are exerting increasing pressure: We are organising a political ballot here and we have begun to lead the country away from dictatorship and toward political participation. But the Saudi people's thirst for more far-reaching participation, for enforceable political rights and elected representative bodies with genuine powers, can likewise no longer be overlooked.
The current local elections may have primarily a decorative character – but in the opinions of many Saudi citizens, that is better than nothing. From my point of view, they are also useful in further educating the citizenry about their political rights and in establishing a culture of civic participation.
So you view these elections more or less as a practice exercise or preparation for later, more far-reaching reforms. Is it realistic to expect that these will be forthcoming?
Abdul Aziz Al-Khamis: This democratic process will come – I have no doubt of that. And in the end, the regime will bow to democracy and political participation. This is the fate of any regime: either to collapse – or to renew itself of its own volition. The Saudi regime naturally does not want to fall. Consequently, it is forced to renew itself. The only question is when the regime will take this step. I hope that the Arab Spring will further accelerate the process.
Interview: Abdelmoula Boukhraiss
© Qantara.de 2011
Editor: Lewis Gropp/Qantara.de