''Arabs Were Never Passive – They Were Oppressed!''
Ms. Husseini, we are seeing an Arabic region in turmoil with severe human rights violations. How do you evaluate Western media coverage in this respect?
Rana Husseini: I think that there is a lot of interest in what is happening in the region, not only from Western media but also from the Arab media and local media. We also have another important medium which is the social media. Yet, it is very complicated for journalists to identify the magnitude of the problem. I believe that the media coverage is rather chaotic given that there is a great deal taking place in the region. Thus, the issue is not covered enough.
The image of the region is somewhat distorted in the western media. Nonetheless, it is positive that things are changing. What we are seeing now is historic in the majority of the countries. These changes show the Arab leaders that they can no longer dictate the lives of people and deprive them from their rights. People now feel they have a voice and are capable of making changes.
The Social media have played a great role in fuelling these uprisings. Will it also have an impact on societal change in the Arab world?
Husseini: Yes, the social media did play a major role, especially in Tunisia and Egypt. They have a big impact on people's lives. People now are more dependent on social media. It makes them empowered because they know that their message is conveyed to the world.
Youtube, Facebook and Twitter are exposing a lot but at the same time we have to be very careful because people also convey false messages and use social media to serve certain agendas. But overall I believe the positive aspects outweigh the negative ones.
Some experts argue that the changes in the Arab world might have a negative impact on women's rights, if ,for example, Islamist movements manage to attain political power.
Husseini: This is one of the things we have to take into consideration. However, the situation is still chaotic in Tunisia and Egypt. The future of these countries is still unknown. Thus, it is too early to judge things.
In the past seventeen years you have been actively engaged in making the Jordanian public aware of the taboo topic of honour killings. What are the most important achievements in this field in Jordan?
Husseini: There have been numerous positive changes. The main concern is to save lives and empower women. We worked hard to document these cases and raise awareness. I feel Jordan has gone a long way in fighting this issue. For example, the judiciary now is handling these cases in a much more serious way, investigations are more thorough. In July 2009 a specialised tribunal was establishes at the criminal court to handle crimes in the name of honour. People committing these crimes have to serve much higher sentences than before.
The public awareness has increased and the public acceptances for these crimes are decreasing. The issue is no longer a taboo topic. There are more voices that are calling on the government to continue to adopt laws against crimes in the name of honour. The most important thing is to change people's attitudes towards accepting crimes in the name of honour and this is when you start to make a difference.
Crimes of honour occur in many countries of the world. Why is the issue of honour killing considered by many people in the West to have its sources in Islam?
Husseini: If we look at history and the ancient civilisations, we will find that women were punished and killed or burnt for adultery in various cultures, not just within Islam. Consequently, it is false to call these crimes as Islamic. Unfortunately, some western media outlets don't give their audience the full picture when they report these cases. As you mentioned, honour crimes happen everywhere in the world, also among people with different cultural or religious backgrounds than Arabs or Muslims. Unfortunately, since 9/11 the image of the Islamic and Arab world has been steadily associated with negative images in the western media, and the issue of honour crimes was often used in exclusive association with the Muslim world.
What can be done to counter those stereotypes?
Husseini: The issue has to be talked about in a global manner. If the Western media talk about honour crimes, they have to talk about honour crimes that occur everywhere, and not only the ones in the Muslim world. If for example, an average American kills his wife because of adultery none of the headlines will read 'A Christian American killed his wife.'
But when a Muslim commits a crime the murderer is immediately linked to his religion. We need a dialogue to solve the handling of these stereotypes of Muslims in the West because the image of Islam has long been distorted. The image of Muslims has been misused for many years, it is not a new appearance, it is not a new trend.
People in the Arab world have been characterised as being passive and incapable of defending their human rights. Is the Arab spring proving the opposite?
Husseini: The people in the Arab region were never passive but they were long oppressed, persecuted, physically tortured and killed for voicing their opinion and opposition. They were unable to make their statements clear. But we are witnessing a new era in the Arab world and people are now capable of change.
Interview: Rigien Bagekany
© Qantara.de 2011
Editor: Lewis Gropp/Qantara.de