Resisting the Wind
You come from the province of Tunceli in the Kurdish heartland. What shaped your upbringing in the Anatolian countryside?
Aynur Dogan: During my childhood, I often spent time in the mountains surrounding our village, which was called Dogan. The animals, the cheese that was produced in my village, playing out in the open – those are memories that remain. Then our family moved to Istanbul. At that time I was about to graduate from college.
How did it feel to be moved from the countryside to the city?
Aynur Dogan: To me, Istanbul seemed exceptionally big and fast-paced. But it also brought me new opportunities. In Istanbul, I was better able to dedicate myself to music than I was in my rural home. I established contacts in the music scene, attended music classes and learnt to play the baklama, the Turkish lute. But whenever I return to my village today, I go back to being a local. The villagers don't treat me any differently.
Why did you want to be a musician?
Aynur Dogan: In my Alevi village I was surrounded by music. Alevis don't have a central holy book. That's why music plays a very important role in our faith and tradition. All information and stories have been passed on through music for generations. To us, music is a medium of communication. Music is present at birth, during our youth and also in the graveyard. All life is music. All these influences of home can be found in my songs. To me, my homeland radiates power and warmth.
Your last album and single from the year 2010 are called "Rewend" (Kurdish: nomad). In the music video by Fatih Akin you're walking around Hasankeyf, the historical place in southeastern Anatolia that the Turkish government plans to clear for the construction of a dam. Are you a nomad yourself?
Aynur Dogan: I've travelled around the world a great deal in recent years, giving many concerts and meeting many people. All this is reflected in "Rewend". The song is about the path you take, the state of being constantly on the road. It is like a gust of wind that carries you everywhere and away from your home. When people forget home, problems such as the one in Hasankeyf arise. By singing "Rewend", I wanted to reactivate the power that emanates from one's home. No matter where you are in the world, you should never forget your roots.
Do you consider yourself a political voice?
Aynur Dogan: Others like to label me as a "political singer". But first and foremost I consider myself a musician. Sure, everything I sing about has a message. "Path", "warrior" - these words from my songs have a social connotation. Human rights matter to me. I am not somebody who wants to sing in quiet.
In July 2010, one of your concerts in Istanbul was interrupted by the audience. The incident happened after PKK forces committed an assault on 14 Turkish soldiers. What happened at that concert?
Aynur Dogan: Turkey is a young country. Some things in this country are not under control - and that includes the ethnic conflict with the Kurds. There are always people who view singers like me as a danger. They don't want the Kurds to be culturally self-confident. 5,000 people attended this concert in Istanbul. When I sung my second song, which was in Kurdish, almost half of the audience started booing. I had to cancel the concert. After the incident, the media reported that only a few people had disturbed the performance.
How did you cope with this situation?
Aynur Dogan: I felt very uncomfortable. It was the first time something like that had occurred to me. For two months I was turning it over in my head. I withdrew and thought a lot about what had happened. But then I reminded myself of how politics work. There are people who stir up such an atmosphere. Many Kurdish artists had to emigrate for that reason. I was able to gather new strength during my concert tour of Germany.
How do you view the situation of Kurdish musicians in contemporary Turkey?
Aynur Dogan: In 2005, a court in Diyarbakir decided to ban my album "Keçe Kurdan", but the verdict was withdrawn afterwards. To this day, Kurdish musicians in Turkey have to face fundamental restrictions. Performance rights only apply to Turkish musicians. Kurdish musicians don't have such rights. Kurdish musicians who want to produce something in Turkey have to stand on their own two feet. With one exception: You're a Kurdish singer singing for the AKP and thus campaigning for the government. They get paid well.
How about your music?
Aynur Dogan: My music is now being played on radio and television but as a Kurd, I'm discriminated against. By law, Kurdish clips have to be subtitled in Turkish. My music is only broadcast after I've signed an agreement saying that I'm responsible for all possible consequences of my music, such as riots for instance.
For Kurds it is difficult to organize their own concerts. There is no funding from the government. All concerts are financed by Kurdish associations. It often takes weeks until you get official permission for a concert. Although I'm famous throughout Turkey now, I can only give a few concerts in my country. I play in Europe more frequently than at home.
Interview by Marian Brehmer
© Qantara.de 2013
Editor: Lewis Gropp/Qantara.de