With me or against me
After their landslide election victory in 2002, the goal of Erdogan and his conservative Islamist party AKP was to get the country out of its deep economic crisis. At the same time, Erdogan began transforming Turkey step by step, rolling back the secularism of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the Turkish republic and endorsing religiously conservative world views.
Trade unionists, left-wingers, Alevis or homosexuals all are a thorn in the side of the 62-year-old leader. When people protested against him in Gezi Park in the summer of 2013, he ordered a police crackdown. Those who count themselves Erdogan’s friends today may find themselves the enemies of tomorrow.
The supporters of Fethullah Gulen, a Muslim leader, were long considered the AKP’s welcome helpers. In 1999, Gulen fled into exile in the USA after a video emerged that instructed his followers to infiltrate the state apparatus. Unlike the AKP, the Gulen movement had competent supporters in government agencies. When the AKP rose to power, it therefore forged an alliance with these Islamist brethren.
Erdogan managed to rid himself of difficult opponents, including alleged conspirators, during his first years in office and Gulenist state prosecutors helped him do so. When, however, disputes broke out between Gulen supporters and the AKP over power and positions, the president declared war on their ″parallel structure″. Erdogan has since ordered the transfer or dismissal of thousands of state prosecutors and police officers who are blamed of being Gulenists.
On 15 July 2016, a failed coup attempt claimed the lives of over 200 people. The event played into Erdogan’s hands. He held the Gulen movement responsible. Erdogan declared a state of emergency and has ruled by decree ever since. Tens of thousands of people were arrested, accused of adhering to the Gulen movement. More than 120,000 people lost their jobs, regardless of whether the accusations were true or not.
Similarly Erdogan changes his attitude towards the Kurdish minority as it suits him. In the course of a peace process with the Kurdish terrorist organisation PKK, the president relied on politicians from the pro-Kurdish HDP party as intermediaries, but he was really only interested in Kurdish votes. He abruptly stopped the peace process in July 2015 after the HDP won seats in parliament in an election.
Their presence in parliament thwarted Erdogan’s plans to install a presidential system because the AKP lacked the necessary two-thirds majority. HDP legislators were detained in November 2016, charged with having spread terrorist PKK propaganda. More recently, Turkish prosecutors have demanded extremely long prison sentences for the HDP’s two top leaders: 142 years for Selahattin Demirtas and 83 years for Figen Yuksekdag.
Misguided politics and their fatal consequences
The consequences were – and are – fatal. The Turkish Army is once again waging war against the PKK in eastern Turkey. Lots of civilian lives have already been lost. Many young Kurds, who had seen the HDP as a ray of hope, have now joined the pied pipers of the PKK and the TAK, its urban youth organisation. Since December 2015 alone, the TAK has claimed responsibility for 11 terrorist attacks that have claimed the lives of over 100 people. An end to the terror is not in sight.
Erdogan boasts: ″We will eliminate all terrorists.″ In his rhetoric, the term includes the Gulenists. The Turkish lira is in freefall, however, and the president now even considers terrorists people who have dollar bills in their wallets. According to him, dark forces, foreign intelligence services and the ″interest-rate lobby″ are behind every problem. Erdogan will not consider for one moment that he himself might be to blame, at least in part, for some of the problems. The demagogue regards anyone who thinks or says so as an enemy – and is happy to hound them.
© Development and Cooperation | D&C 2017