Why do left- and right-wingers in Germany defend Assad′s tyranny? Gunther Orth has some answers
Syria has become a kind of crystallisation point for a strange public discourse – and not just in Germany. In many ways, it is pure coincidence that the subject of Syria has led to some remarkable lapses in intellectual judgement.
It would be only logical for people to express outrage at a regime that has for years been killing its own people with tanks, bombs and poison gas or systematically expelling and torturing them, all out of fear of ceding power – but this is exactly what the Syrian mouthpieces here in Germany are not doing. They instead take great pains to cast events in a more benign light, in some cases even denying that anything untoward is happening at all.
Typically, both the left and the right defend the Assad regime and its patron, Russia, often pointing an accusing finger at Islamist terrorism. However, wherever the left and the right mix, only the right prevails.
At the same time, this is a key to understanding the phenomenon of the Assad sympathisers. After all, what is the one thing the right and left can agree on? It's their rejection of globalisation, which is often combined with a common yearning for simplicity and homeland (in this respect, they even bear a slight resemblance to the Islamists).
One can therefore assume that the tendency to tone down reports of Assad's tyranny, which is widespread in this country, and the prevailing silence on Russian war crimes stem from a kind of "uneasiness regarding Western politics and culture", a disenchantment with the West and everything it stands for: capitalism and inequality, as well as democracy, liberalism and human rights.
Multiple conspiracy theories
People are disturbed by the Syrian refugees that have (only in small part) been streaming into Germany. This disquiet then turns into a critique of alleged and actual failures of Western policy in Syria, culminating in the assertion that the West actually planned or supported the 2011 uprising because the Assad regime is supposedly anti-imperialist and therefore had to be overthrown, coupled with the claim that the West even deliberately created IS out of its supposed love for jihadists.
Then there are the theories that Syria allegedly blocked gas pipelines, angering the West as well as Saudi Arabia, etc. Arab Assad defenders in turn are quick to claim that Syria's Baathist regime (together with Hezbollah) is the last bastion against both Israel and the Islamists.
Denial of the Assad regime's war crimes
Although many of Assad's contemporary advocates in Europe were not previously well-known for their expertise on Syria, they still argue, for example, that the majority of Syrians stand behind their "elected" President, deny that his regime or Russia have perpetrated any war crimes (such as the use of poison gas or the systematic destruction of hospitals) or portray all of these acts either as self-defence against terrorists or false-flag operations by opponents of the regime.
On the subject of systematic torture in government prisons, some of these Assad supporters even go so far as to say that, "as everyone knows", Arabs need to be ruled with a firm hand. And so even this beastliness is condoned or even explained away as a conspiracy or made to appear less serious. All this is often contrasted with the image of a liberal civic life in the Assad strongholds and the elegant appearance of Mr and Mrs Assad, who are, after all, so attractive.
Another aspect that supports the theory of a collective, semi-conscious pro-Assad reflex when it comes to Syria is the fact that people right across the spectrum – from AfD agitators to Attac activists, many left-wing politicians and a number of formerly reputable scholars and journalists – have fallen for it.
United right-ring/left-wing alliance
The post-truth tendency to only see and read things that support one's own views, a tendency that is devoid of all empathy, takes care of the rest. After entering the German parliament following this year's general elections, the AfD wasted no time in demanding the extradition of Syrians to the Assad regime, a view echoed by some members of the CDU and CSU. In short, Pro-Assad sentiment is obviously spreading in this country.
The united right-ring/left-wing alliance on the subject of Syria is unmistakable; the fact that Moscow is one of the main opponents of the West when it comes to Syria fits only too well into this picture.
For the left, the Kremlin still indirectly embodies the good old Communist vision, while for racists and those weary of democracy, on the other hand, Putin represents the dream of an authoritarian, patriarchal, white Europe. It speaks volumes that the right wing has a much more realistic view of Putin's Russia than the knee-jerk reaction of the left. As I said above: where the left and right mix, only the right prevails.
But all of this is not necessarily about Syria itself and what is happening there. It is more the case that people are celebrating what is undoubtedly the end of the American era, and no one wants to spoil the party by asking whether what comes next will be any better.
© Qantara.de 2017
Translated from the German by Jennifer Taylor