Art with 99 Attributes
The Syrian-born German artist Marwan, who has lived in Berlin for five decades, is considered a bridge-builder between the artistic traditions of the East and Western modernism. Ariana Mirza reports
"The face is unique, but it can be replicated with mirrors." These lines, written by the poet Ibn Arabi, have been an important source of inspiration to the artist Marwan. From the earliest days of his career, the 74-year-old painter has concentrated on a single subject, namely facial landscapes.
The works currently on display in the Museum of Islamic Art in Berlin, Germany, could be described as the essence of decades of effort to depict emotions in an abstract manner.
The human head, Marwan's central motif, has become a universal metaphor. In his facial landscapes, in which inner life meets outer life, the artist explores the interplay of inner reflection and outer perception.
Influence on Oriental mysticism
The etchings at the heart of the exhibition in Berlin all date from the late 1990s. Marwan created a 99-piece "suite of heads" that initially seemed to be free of any link to the Sufic perception of the "99 attributes of God". Looking back, however, the artist now realises that as he grew older, he became more aware of how closely related his work is to Oriental mysticism.
Claus-Peter Haase, director of the Museum of Islamic Art, noticed the links right from the word go. "It is a rediscovery of motifs that influenced Marwan in his early childhood."
The central wall installation in the exhibition, which comprises 99 small etchings and an empty frame, should not, however, be interpreted exclusively as a reference to the "99 attributes of God". With their gestural shorthand and calligraphic abstractions, the individual faces also develop a kind of Arabic iconography.
In addition to the principles of abstraction in Marwan's etchings – principles that are characteristic of Islamic art – and in the oils and watercolours included in this exhibition, there are also visible links to Byzantine iconology.
A big name in the Arab and Western world
The Museum of Islamic Art attaches great importance to bridge-building between the Islamic tradition of art and modernism and seeks to act as a cultural link between these two traditions by hosting regular exhibitions of contemporary art. "We are filling a gap," sums up Claus-Peter Haase.
Haase goes on to say that with these exhibitions, the museum is examining contemporary art that is influenced by its links to Islamic culture in the light of its global significance. The exhibition "The 99 Attributes" is a particularly good example of this because, according to Haase, Marwan is equally as respected in the Arab world as he is in the West.
Melancholy, the search for knowledge, and sensuality
The artist's biography shows that building bridges between East and West has long been a feature of his life. Born in Damascus in 1934, Marwan studied Arab literature in his native city until 1957, when he moved to Berlin to study painting.
In the years that followed, he became an internationally successful freelance painter and spent many years as a professor at the Berlin University of the Arts.
Although Marwan has been based in Germany for over 50 years, important aspects of his work can still be traced to the tradition of Oriental culture. In addition to melancholy and the search for knowledge, sensuality – of the kind found in Oriental literature, architecture, theory of colour, and calligraphy – is a reoccurring theme of Marwan's work.
According to the art critic and writer Joachim Sartorius, "One can sense Damascus as a cipher in Marwan's paintings".
© Qantara.de 2009
"Marwan: The 99 Attributes" at the Museum of Islamic Art in the Pergamonmuseum Berlin, Germany, until 15 February 2009.
All photos: Stephan Schmidt
Translated from the German by Aingeal Flanagan