Last week, the court case against the celebrated Turkish pianist and composer Fazil Say began in Istanbul. Say faces charges of spreading anti-Islamic comments via Twitter. Supporters and critics alike say that the case highlights Turkey's shortcomings in terms of freedom of expression. Thomas Seibert has the details
In April 2012, Fazil Say posted several comments on Twitter in which he ridiculed Islam. One tweet asked whether a particular call to prayer, which lasted only 22 seconds, was cut short so that the muezzin could get to his lover or a bottle of booze. Another questioned if heaven, where – according to some interpretations of Islam – wine flows and virgins await the faithful, was a brothel or a bar.
State prosecutors in Istanbul began their investigations when a citizen reported the matter to the police. In early June, they charged the 42-year-old pianist and composer with denigrating religious values. A prosecutor claimed Say's tweets could lead to a "collapse of public order".
His trial started on Thursday, 18 October. If convicted, he faces up to 18 months in prison. However, even if he is convicted, it is unlikely that he will be sent to prison, as most sentences under two years are normally suspended in Turkey. Nevertheless, he would have a criminal record.
A known critic of the Erdogan government
For many Turks, Say is more than just a musician; he is the country's leading classical composer and an internationally celebrated concert pianist. He is also a severe critic of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's conservative Islamic government. An atheist, Say has said that having devout Muslims in government is a catastrophe for Turkey. He has often spoken about the fact that he has considered emigrating.
The musician, who spent eight years studying in Düsseldorf and Berlin and has given concerts around the world, is also dismissive of the conservatives in Anatolia who vote for Erdogan. A few years ago, Say caused public outrage when he dismissed Arabesque music, which is hugely popular among many Turks, as an expression of a form of proletarianism of which he is ashamed.
For this reason, it is safe to say that Say will not receive much support from the government. Nevertheless, he is not without allies: many intellectuals have come out in support of him. Nearly 8,000 people have added their names to an online petition backing Say, who served as a cultural ambassador for the EU and has performed with the New York Philharmonic, the Berlin Symphony Orchestra, the Israel Philharmonic, the National Orchestra of France and the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra.
Potential damage to Turkey's image
Say has rejected the charges brought against him, pointing out that although the tweets were actually re-tweets of messages written by others, he is the only one facing criminal charges. Even observers who are generally critical of Say's actions have called the court case a scandal. The concern is that it could damage Turkey's international reputation.
This concern comes at a time when Turkey is already under fire in this respect. In its most recent report, the European Union – which Turkey seeks to join – said it had "serious concerns" about Ankara's approach to freedom of expression. The government in Ankara has rejected this criticism.
Judges and prosecutors in Turkey tend to interpret the law very strictly, often ranking freedom of expression behind the interests of state security or the punishment of verbal attacks on social harmony. Whether that will be the case for Fazil Say remains to be seen.
© Deutsche Welle 2012
Editor: Michael Lawton/Deutsche Welle, Aingeal Flanagan/Qantara.de