The Turkish strongman has often said that his country would "open the doors"  to further refugees entering Europe, raising fears in many EU countries of a new wave of refugees that could top the number of arrivals in 2015.

Sevim Dagdelen, deputy leader of the Left parliamentary group in Germany's Bundestag, is critical of the EU's approach. She says that instead of investing billions in Turkey as the "doorkeeper for defence against refugees, the money should be invested in the reconstruction of Syria."

For the German government, a political solution in Syria remains a priority. Even though German Defence Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer's proposal for an international "security zone" has not found support domestically or internationally, CDU seems to still be eyeing the option of international engagement in northern Syria. The party's lawmaker Nick is convinced that the topic will be a part of regular consultations leading up to the NATO summit in London at the end of the year.

Pointing to the recent military confrontations between Turkish troops and Syrian President Bashar Assad's forces and referring to the deal struck in Sochi, Nick said: "One has to carefully observe whether that Turkish-Russian agreement is really a stable situation for the region that will allow for civilian initiatives and reconstruction. I'm pretty sceptical that will be the case."

Seda Serdar

© Deutsche Welle 2019

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