Boualem Sansal (photo dpa)

Algerian Literature
Boualem Sansal Wins Top German Cultural Award

His books have cost him his job and landed him on the index of banned authors at home in Algeria, but Boualem Sansal remains a resident and activist there. His efforts earned him the 2011 German Book Trade Peace Prize. By Gabriela Schaaf

This year, the political signal is clear and intentional with the conferral of the German Book Trade Peace Prize. The selection of Algerian author Boualem Sansal "is a symbol of support for democratic movements in North Africa," said Gottfried Honnefelder, head of the German Publishers and Booksellers Association, on Thursday.

Sansal's work has been banned in his home country for its political themes, although the author is considered Algeria's most internationally acclaimed writer.

The author is a "passionate storyteller displaying wit and empathy," wrote the prize committee in its official statement, adding that he combines those qualities with the courage to openly criticize social and political affairs.

"With his persistent pleas in favor of free expression and open dialogue in a democratic society, he opposes every form of dogmatism, terror and political arbitrariness," the committee stated.

Breaking taboos

Sansal became known to German readers by way of his 2009 novel, "Das Dorf des Deutschen," published in the US as "The German Mujahid" and in the UK as "An Unfinished Business." It tells the story of a German Nazi who goes into hiding after the war as a member of the Algerian forces fighting for independence from France.

A street in Algiers (photo: DW)
Unlike many of his literary colleagues in Northern Africa, Boualem Sansal decided not to go abroad. Pictured: A street in Algiers

​​Originally written in French, "The German Mujahid" is considered the first Arabic novel about the Holocaust - a topic that is still taboo in Algeria. The book was honored with multiple international prizes and translations but was banned in the author's home country.

Boualem Sansal was born October 15, 1949 in the Algerian mountain village of Teniet el-Had. He grew up in a working-class neighborhood in Algiers and later studied industrial economics before moving into high-ranking positions with the government.

Alongside his appointments in Algeria's Board of Trade in 1992 and the Department of Industry and Restructuring in 1996, he began writing. His first novel, "Le serment des barbares," was published in 1999 and brought him immediately into conflict with the state.

Initially, Sansal was put on leave from his position, but he was blocked completely from government work following two further publications in which he criticized political circumstances in Algeria.

Censored but not silenced

In 2006, the author issued a letter and appeal to fellow Algerians, demanding a "true democracy" in which the "vision of an enlightened, worldly citizenry could take shape."

Cover of "The German Mujahid" (source: publisher)
The first Arabic novel about the Holocaust: Boualem Sansal's "The German Mujahid"

​​The bold letter proved to be the last straw for the Algerian state, which banned all of Sansal's books.

Sansal has also been active in German media outlets, explaining the political situation North Africa to German audiences. One of his major concerns is the future of the protest movement.

In the German daily Die Welt, Sansal posed questions about whether groups including Islamists, Christians, democrats, the unemployed and others would succeed in "holding a dialogue and realizing a joint project? Or will they start a war to see who's capable of seeing their own project through?"

Respect at home

The fact that Sansal has remained in Algeria as a political activist despite the bans on his books has earned him enormous respect from his supporters at home. His commitment is also part of what earned him one of Germany's highest cultural honors. The literature peace prize carries explicitly political dimensions and has been awarded since 1950 to figures from culture, politics and the sciences who actively promote the cause of peace.

Last year, the annual prize worth 25,000 euros (36,500 dollars) went to Israeli author David Grossman. The list of previous winners also includes Spanish author Jorge Semprun, who died on June 7.

Traditionally, the prize is presented in October to cap off the Frankfurt Book Fair.

Gabriela Schaaf

© Deutsche Welle 2011

Editor: Kate Bowen

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