Kosher and halal
"People here are grateful for any distraction," says Nadim Khoury, founder and owner of the first brewery in the Palestinian Territories. "With or without alcohol, a bottle of beer helps people relax and allows them to forget politics for a while."
Business is booming, the cash register is ringing. Nevertheless, the brewery, which Nadim Khoury founded together with other family members some 25 years ago, was a political project right from the start. Khoury's foray into beer production in the West Bank in 1994 was strongly inspired by the spirit and euphoria of the Oslo agreements signed a year earlier, which were actually supposed to pave the way for the founding of a Palestinian state alongside Israel. The brewery's homepage still refers explicitly to this historic date.
With Arafat's blessing
An independent state needs its own brewery – the concept was obviously one that appealed to long-time Palestinian President Yassir Arafat at that time. The Palestinian icon, who died in 2004, personally supported the plan for a Palestinian brewery, Nadim Khoury likes to tell visitors to his family business, which now produces wine and olive oil in addition to beer, as well as running an affiliated hotel.
The Palestinians may still not have their own state, but the brewery has gone from strength to strength and now produces six types of beer for Germany and abroad: "Golden", "Light", "Dark", "Amber", "White" and "Alcohol-free". "All six varieties are brewed in strict accordance with the German Purity Law," emphasises chief brewer Khoury and is no less proud to report that 60 percent of his beer is sold in the Palestinian autonomous territories, 30 percent in Israel and the rest abroad.
In addition to the USA, where Khoury learned how to brew beer during his studies, export countries include "beer nations" as diverse as Spain, Great Britain, Chile, Japan and Germany.
The 59-year-old is also proud that his family has produced barley juice for Israeli beer lovers – including official certification as a "kosher product" by a rabbi, which served him as a market opener for Israel – since the very beginning.
Khoury also aims to contribute in some small way to the peaceful co-existence of Israelis and Palestinians, as well as Christians, Jews and Muslims. All six varieties are labelled "kosher", the alcohol-free variety also trades under the label "halal", so that in theory it can also be drunk by devout Muslims.
Not unimportant in a region where well over 90 percent of the inhabitants are Muslims – even though the Khoury family and their brewery reside in a Christian enclave. The 1,500-strong village near Ramallah has the same name as the beer they produce there: Taybeh – which means "good" or "tasty".
"Beer doesn't just bring people together"
When Khoury praises his beers, he enthuses about the "taste of Palestine", but also likes to refer to the annual "Oktoberfest" in Taybeh, organised by his brewery according to the Bavarian-German model: "Visitors donʹt just come from Palestine and Israel. Beer lovers arrive from as far afield as Europe and the U.S.," reveals a delighted Khoury. He is convinced: "Beer doesn't just bring people together, beer can even contribute to peace!"
Nevertheless, the odd conflict remains – the brewery is still heavily dependent on political and social whims. The Hamas movement, for example, prevents the import of Taybeh beers into the Gaza Strip, which is under its control – Nadim Khoury is even forbidden from importing the alcohol-free version into the Islamist territory.
Business in Israel is also subject to constant fluctuation. Before the second Intifada, the Palestinian uprising from 2000 to 2005, sales of the Palestinian beer at times achieved a market share of as much as 70 percent, more than twice as much as the current level. Back then, Palestinians in Israel were perceived far more as future peace partners than they are today. Today, on the other hand, peace appears to be a lost cause and a solution to the conflict over the "Holy Land" seems a long way off. It is a situation that inevitably has an impact on the Khourysʹ business.
What most concerns the Palestinian beer brewers are the recurring access restrictions. While hops, malt and yeast are imported from Europe, water for the Palestinian beer comes from a nearby source under Israeli control. The Israeli authorities can turn off the tap at any time – and have done so several times in the past, complains Khoury.
"Without water, of course, production stops," he sighs, complaining about further restrictions imposed by the separation wall and Israeli checkpoints in the Palestinian territories. "We can still only export our beer abroad via Israel", he says, "but the controls often take days". Nevertheless, despite the adverse circumstances, he is still proud to be able to point to an annual production of 600,000 litres of beer in the Holy Land.
© Deutsche Welle 2019