Book review: Mansoura Ez Eldin's novel "Shadow Spectres"

The fantasy of wholeness

Marija M. Bulatovic shares her impressions of "Shadow Spectres" by Mansoura Ez Eldin – recently translated into Serbian by Dragana Dordevic as "Priviđenja iz senke"

Mansoura Ez Eldin’s novel "Shadow Spectres"  reminded me of a very common experience that each of us will be familiar with: the moment of waking up in a dark room. At first, except for darkness, we discern almost nothing, until suddenly, out of shape, outlines of certain forms begin to appear.

These forms emerge from the dark, obscure, disfigured, and often in such a state of perceptual consciousness that we take them to be something quite different, owing to the miminal amount of the light they absorb. Such chimaeras, born out of the play of light and dark, lightness and shadow, are found in the evaporation zone of form and matter in Mansoura Ez Eldin’s novel.

The novel is "a very complicated story" (phrase taken from the title of one of the chapters), which begins and ends with the conversation of two characters, two artists, on a bench in front of the Kafka Museum in Prague. That conversation becomes the "trigger" for numerous reminiscences, spectra of colours, sounds, fragrances, new stories and narrative sub-plots, raising issues of artistic creativity and outlining the unfinished intellectual portrait of the artist – more precisely, the portrait of the (woman) writer.

Along the porous boundary between dream and reality

"I'm writing because I seek to become whole, "says one of the female characters. Shakespeare's formula from A Midsummer Night's Dream is applied in the novel: the writer's pen gives shape to the unknown things by naming them, that is, "the airy nothing", or "the essence of the empty" (Lao Tzu’s void), places in the appropriate aesthetic form.

In the novel, the aesthetic form is defined through the relation of light and shade, the porous boundary between dream and reality, fiction and faction. As a result there are no clear contours, since the form takes on a certain amount of light and thus defines itself. This is how the subject "grasps" reality.

However, we are not talking about just any recipient of reality, the protagonist is an artist whose perception is "aesthetically adjusted". Artistic perception is simultaneously a creative process – based on the individual's perception – which is formative. Knowledge-based mastery of reality, or more precisely, "sorting out" the chaos of everyday impressions, is also a creative process.

Cover of Mansoura Ez Eldin's novel "Shadow Spectres" in the Arabic original
Labyrinthine, diffusely fantastic novel structure: Mansoura Ez-Eldin's novel takes place in the grey area between form and content. It is a playful, experimental book, but one that stands apart from other avant-garde and post-modern texts

Ez Eldin's playful, experimental book draws on a long line of avant-garde and postmodernist texts. It certainly represents a real gem for narratologists. Even though the book has been specified as belonging to the novel genre, it is possible to read it as a collection of stories using distinctive language of poetic prose. The narrator introduces us to the narrative – "making a pact" with the reader – and dramatically introduces us to space, events, but also to the consciousness of the various characters through the technique of free indirect speech.

Art becomes a gateway to a new dimension of reality: in this play of shadows, different spectra of reality are revealed – between the states of wakefulness and dreaming. Literature lists the layers of reality and reveals its deeper hidden and silenced structures, as Ez Eldin notes in her interviews. This is what this novel is really about.

Intertwining narratives

My reasons for initially comparing the novel to a common experience may be attributed not only to my own personal response to Ez Eldin's writing, but also to the noticeable intertwining of the narratives in dreamy, mythical and anthropological spaces, dreams that have the value of an embedded narrative or even attain mythological status.

The boundary between dream space and reality in the novel remains undefined, just as there is no clear contour between lightness and shadow. An embedded story in the process of being written, for example, is interrupted by the memory or associations of the one writing and thus flows into another narrative. The boundary between the real and the unreal is set exactly as it really is – indistinguishable.

But this seems to be precisely the hallmark of the relationship between art and life: does it really matter if something is real or not, if its value is set as real? For this reason, "Shadow Spectres" is essentially a novel about the genesis and anatomy of writing and reading. This delicate boundary between the imaginary and the real directly determines the structure of the novel and vice versa. It is therefore important to refer to the structure of the novel in the context of narratology.

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