Chief of W. Sahara Polisario independence group dead


The Polisario Front which demands the Western Sahara's independence from Morocco said its secretary general Mohamed Abdelaziz died on Tuesday "after a long illness", Algeria's APS news agency reported.

Abdelaziz, who was in his late 60s, had led the Algeria-backed Polisario since 1976 after the group was founded three years previously to struggle for independence for the former Spanish colony. APS said he had been suffering from lung cancer, but the Polisario gave no further details on the circumstances of his death.

"This is a great loss for the Sahrawi people", Polisario official Mohammed Keddad told journalists. "He sacrificed his life for the liberation of Western Sahara. He embodied the wisdom and a sincere and firm commitment to its liberation."

Polisario leaders were meeting and a statement was expected later, an official said. The movement has declared 40 days of mourning to honour its late chief.

Abdelaziz would be buried in "liberated territory", behind the defensive wall erected by Morocco, a Polisario leader said. "The date will depend on preparations currently under way."

Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika has also decreed eight days' national mourning, state television reported. It said a cabinet meeting he chaired on Tuesday began with a minute's silence in tribute to the independence leader.

The United Nations has been trying to broker a Western Sahara settlement since 1991 after a ceasefire was reached to end a war that broke out when Morocco deployed its military in the territory in 1975.

Local Sahrawi people are campaigning for the right to self-determination, but Morocco considers the territory to be part of the kingdom and insists its sovereignty cannot be challenged. In March this year, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon met Abdelaziz and also said he would spare no effort in trying to find a political solution in the Western Sahara.

When he met Ban at a refugee camp in Tindouf in Algeria, Abdelaziz appeared to be in poor health.

The Polisario website does not give a date of birth for Abdelaziz. Morocco says he was born in 1946 in Marrakesh in the kingdom where he is seen as a traitor, but APS said he was born in 1948 in Smara in Western Sahara.

A man of the desert, he spent much of his life with Polisario fighters or Sahrawi refugees at camps in the Tindouf region of southwest Algeria. He was from the Reguibi, one of the three Sahrawi tribes and was educated in southern Morocco, where his father was in the Royal Moroccan army.

In the late 1960s, Abdelaziz first met Sahrawi nationalist militants in Rabat and Casablanca, at Moroccan universities. With Mustapha Sayed El Ouali, he became a founder of the Polisario Front in May 1973 and one of its main military leaders.

Speaking Arabic, French and Spanish in addition to the Sahrawi Hassanya dialect, Abdelaziz was as comfortable in a traditional blue gandoura robe as in a Western suit or plain military fatigues with no badges of rank.

Repeated bids by United Nations mediators to hold a referendum on self-determination for the Sahrawis in the vast desert but mineral-rich territory have failed. In 2007, Morocco proposed a plan for autonomy under its sovereignty, but this was rejected by the Polisario Front which demands a referendum on self-determination.

"The Sahrawi people will keep fighting," the Polisario's Keddad said on Tuesday. "Mohamed Abdelaziz's qualities will light the way for the completion of the liberation of Western Sahara."    (AFP)

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