Egypt's Sisi dismisses corruption allegations
Egypt's president has angrily dismissed corruption allegations made by a businessman-in-exile against the country's military as "sheer lies and defamation."
In viral social media videos posted over the past week, the entrepreneur alleged large-scale misuse of public funds in the building of luxurious hotels, presidential palaces and a tomb for President Abdul Fattah al-Sisi's mother, who died in 2014.
Sisi was responding to claims by contractor Mohammed Ali, who said he had worked for the military for 15 years.
The president said his government has been building some of the biggest art and culture projects in the world in the country's $45 billion new administrative capital - Sisi's brainchild located in the desert east of the capital of Cairo. He denied corruption allegations as "sheer lies and defamation", without elaborating.
Make way for Egyptʹs New Administrative Capital
A city of some 20 million people combining charm and squalor, Cairo may soon witness an exodus by well-heeled residents, state employees and foreign embassies to the New Administrative Capital. By Hamza Hemdawi
A massive undertaking: the new city is being built on 170,000 acres about 28 miles east of Cairo and is nearly twice its size. Construction began in 2016, and the first of its forecast 6.5 million residents are scheduled to move there next year
The flight of the rich: billboards across Cairo advertise luxury homes with "breath-taking" views in compounds with names like "La Verde" or "Vinci" in Egypt's new capital that is under construction in the desert, miles from the Nile-side city which has been the seat of power for more than 1,000 years
The Presidentʹs pet project: the new capital – a proper name has yet to be found – is the $45 billion brainchild of Abdul Fattah al-Sisi, the biggest of the mega-projects he has launched since taking office in 2014. He contends the projects, ranging from new roads and housing complexes to a Suez Canal expansion attract investors and create jobs
The needs of ordinary people: critics argue its cost could have been better put to rebuilding the wrecked economy and refurbishing Cairo. After all, what lies behind the billboards are Cairo's most overcrowded neighbourhoods, with shoddily built homes and dirt roads frequently inundated with sewage water
Wrong priorities: "Maybe Sisi wants to go down in history as the leader who built the new capital, but if Egyptians don't see an improvement in their living conditions and services, he will be remembered as the president who destroyed what is left of the middle class," says political analyst Hassan Nafaa
Concerned about space: the government argues that Cairo is already bursting at the seams and will grow to 40 million by 2050. The city will house the presidency, Cabinet, parliament and ministries. Planners promise a 21-mile-long public park, an airport, an opera house, a sports complex and 20 skyscrapers, including Africa's highest, at 345 metres
For all Egyptians? The smallest apartment there – 120 square metres – is expected to cost 1.3 million Egyptian pounds ($73,000), out of reach for a mid-level bureaucrat, who may make the equivalent of about $4,800 a year. "Those targeted to live in the new capital constitute a very, very limited segment of society," says political analyst Hassan Nafaa
He portrayed Ali's videos as an attempt to weaken Egypt and undermine the public's trust and confidence in the military and its leader. "The military is a patriotic, honest and firm military. Its firmness stems from its honour," he said angrily.
Appearing to fight back tears, Sisi said he risked his life when, as defence minister, he led the military's overthrow of an elected but divisive Islamist president in 2013 amid mass protests against his brief rule.
Ali said he recorded his video statements in Spain over the past week. Hashtags with his name have been trending for days as he addressed millions of Egyptians using his cellphone while sitting in a closed office in an unknown location in European exile.
Ali claimed he left Egypt while the military owes him 220 million Egyptian pounds, or $13 million, for services he provided. He did not provide evidence to support his claims.
While it's nearly impossible to verify Ali's claims without an independent investigation, his company's official website says the firm is involved in joint projects worth millions of dollars with the Egyptian army.
Ali's father Ali Abdel-Khaleq, who is a retired army commando, confirmed the close relationship between his son's companies and the army in a lengthy interview on a pro-Sisi TV network called Sada al-Balad. He denied, however, that the military owes his son money and said it's the other way around. "I am shocked and devastated very much. The army is my life," he said.
Sisi's supporters accused Ali of conspiring against the military after being lured by the Muslim Brotherhood, the now outlawed Islamist political group treated as the state's No. 1 enemy.
Ahmed Moussa, a well-known TV presenter loyal to Sisi, earlier this month on his talk-show described Ali as a "fugitive" who fled the country for failing to settle debts after receiving hefty bank loans.
Egypt's Dar al-Ifta, an Islamic educational institution that is in charge of religious edicts, posted on Twitter in apparent dismissive reference to Mohammed Ali: "If you see a man who is defending the truth but is cursing, insulting, with anger, then learn that he has bad intentions because the truth isn't in need of such (actions)."
Ali said his company, Amlak for General Contracting, has carried out projects with the military's business arm, the so-called Engineering Authority.
The authority became the biggest contractor for the country's mega projects, worth billions of dollars. However, due to many limitations either in expertise or capacity, the authority subcontracted with hundreds of civilian companies in return for a margin of profit.
Over the years, critics have questioned the expanding role of the military in the business world and economic interests and the seemingly unfair competition with the country's private sector. They say the military enjoys advantages because it is exempted from taxation and proper auditing.
In recent remarks, military spokesman Tamer al-Rifai said the total number of projects carried out by the army reached 2,300 and that 5 million Egyptians are working on them.
Sisi, who became president in 2014, said the military has overseen road projects costing 175 billion pounds, or just over $1 billion and that his government has carried out projects worth more than $245 billion. He said he would inaugurate 14 new cities next year. He had said the projects, ranging from new roads and housing complexes to an $8.5 billion military-led expansion of the Suez Canal, attract investors and create jobs.
Critics say the costs of such projects like the Suez Canal expansion and the new capital would have been better spent on rebuilding the wrecked economy and improving health and education.
The launch of costly projects with little debate, at a time when Egyptians are struggling amid skyrocketing prices, is seen by critics as evidence of Sisi's authoritarianism.