Women and gender projects

One series of workshops in Luxor, Upper Egypt, is encouraging working women to analyse their environment from a gender-related perspective. In this way, they can reflect on their own position and biography in a social context and dismantle outmoded ideas about gender roles.

"Traditional gender roles place women behind men, as second-class citizens. In this context, girls grow up, and gender roles become part of their identity and values," says Hoda Kandil, who designs gender workshops like these for young Egyptian men and women. She is a psychotherapist and previously took part in a Goethe-Institut workshop on civic education. She now works as a self-employed trainer on gender awareness in traditional, conservative Upper Egypt.

She might watch a cartoon with workshop participants, in which a prince rescues a princess, conveying the message that a woman always needs rescuing. "Behind this, for example, are the ideas of the victimisation of women, their weakness, and also the idea that they can always rely on men," says Hoda Kandil. "Equally, these films give women the subconscious feeling that they are not capable of doing things themselves or making things happen."

Local NGOs can also enter gender-related information in Wiki Gender, a collaborative and participatory knowledge platform. The wiki constantly gathers and adds to information on gender and women's issues in Arabic. The intention behind the project is to trigger discussions on these topics. Regular meetings for representatives of organisations looking at gender issues and female empowerment are also helping to build a local network and providing space for discussion.

Participants at the Kulturakademie Libya in Tunis (photo: Haithem Boumesouir/Goethe-Institut Tunis)
As part of the Kulturakademie Libya programme in the summer of 2017, 12 Libyans working in culture took part in a two-week training course in Tunisia (see picture above) followed by a one-week trip to Germany

Civic education

This space for discussion is what is currently lacking: after the heyday of social engagement in the wake of the Arab Spring, many people active in this area have been confronted with increasing repression over the last few years. The Goethe-Institut offers a protected, free space: it makes its expertise, network and rooms available to support people working on social issues, and to enable open dialogue and exchange to continue.

The Goethe-Institut is, for example, supporting Tahrir Lounge @Goethe as a free and experimental space for young Egyptians: at the Tahrir Lounge, they can discuss issues, explore ideas and attend workshops to develop social and personal skills – all with one goal in mind: to create opportunities for engagement and productive activities for young adults, even in the current difficult political context.

The regional NACE (Networking Arab Civic Education) network, which is funded by the Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung (German Federal Agency for Civic Education) in co-operation with the Goethe-Institut and other partners, plays an important role here. "The network supports the process of democratisation in the region. We are researching the role and methods of civic education and collecting and systematising information on initiatives and activities relating to civic education in the region," explains Mona Shahien, head of the Tahrir Lounge and member of the NACE Steering Committee. "NACE connects people and institutions who are active in this area, to make their work stronger and more focused."

The NANO Academy

The Goethe-Institut is also promoting critical and creative thinking by supporting, at the request of the Egyptian and Tunisian education ministries, the development of more effective education systems, with a stronger focus on modern management.

The school systems in these countries have so far, for example, not been tailored towards participatory learning. This is why the Goethe-Institut is providing professional development for school leaders and advising them in change management, so that modern management structures can be developed in the Egyptian and Tunisian school systems.

Christina Büns

© Qantara.de 2018

Translated from the German by Ruth Martin

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