In Jerusalem, Palestinian families play political football
Aqal passes to Aqal, who finds Aqal in space out wide. He squares to Aqal, who smashes home a strike, sending the crowd of yet more family members into hysterics.
The match inside Jerusalem's walled Old City was part of a month-long football tournament in which the largest Palestinian families play each other to be dubbed champions of the city.
Building on the inaugural tournament two years ago, participants say this year's event holds particular symbolism after U.S. President Donald Trump's controversial recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital. Palestinians saw the December decision as an attempt to deny their claims to the disputed city. They view its eastern sector, where the Old City is located, as the capital of their future state.
For players and fans, the tournament is a defiant display of Palestinian pride – and footballing skill.
"We feel this is our land, so we want to stress we are the owners of the land by having a Palestinian tournament here," organiser Muntaser Edkaidek told journalists.
It is also a display of family ties that informally govern east Jerusalem's 300,000 Palestinians. In Jerusalem, family history is often entwined with the city's unique religious and political heritage.
The Khaldis claim to be descendants of one of the Prophet Muhammad's closest companions.
"This Place": photos of Israel and the West Bank
With his photo project "This Place", Frederic Brenner sought to provide a different insight into Israel and the West Bank. As part of the project, 12 international photographers present landscape and portrait photos that aim to contribute to the observer's understanding of the conflict region. The exhibition runs at the Dox Center for Contemporary Art in Prague until 3 March 2015. By Felix Koltermann
In his project, the French photographer and initiator of "This Place", Frederic Brenner, combines portraits of families and individuals with landscape photography. His monograph "The Architecture of Fear and Desire" is published by Mack Books in London.
Over the course of a number of years, the American photographer Wendy Ewald held participative photography workshops with groups of different ages in Israel and the West Bank. A monograph of her work entitled "This Is Where I Live" will be published by Mack Books in April 2015.
The Czech filmmaker Martin Kollar assembled images from military training camps and research facilities in Israel to create strange, dream-like sequences of pictures. An artist book entitled "Field Trip" is available from Mack Books in London.
In his photographs, the Czech artist Joseph Koudelka examines the separation barrier between Israel and the West Bank, which he depicts in rough-grained, black-and-white panorama shots. His book "Wall" is published by Aperture in New York.
The Korean photographer Jungjin Lee depicts the landscape of the region in alienated, large-format panorama pictures. Her book "Unnamed Road" was published last November by Mack Books in London.
For "This Place", the French documentary photographer Gilles Peress, who has an in-depth knowledge of the region, focussed on documenting the daily life of Palestinians in the district of Silwan in East Jerusalem. A monograph of his work is planned for 2015.
The American photographer Fazal Sheikh photographed the Negev desert in southern Israel from the air for his monumental project "Desert Bloom". His pictures map the incursions of the local population into the landscape. "The Erasure Trilogy", the monograph on his project, will be published by Steidl Verlag in 2015.
For "This Place", the legendary American photographer Stephen Shore focussed on urban spaces and the landscape in Israel and the West Bank. His monograph on the project, "From Galilee to the Negev", is published by Phaidon in New York.
The American photographer Rosalind Solomon, at 80 the oldest participant in the project, travelled across Israel and the West Bank by bus in search of motifs for her portrait series. Her monograph, entitled "Them", is published by Mack Books in London.
In his project, the German artist Thomas Struth combines large-format landscape pictures with interior photos, both of places of religious significance and of Israel's high-tech research landscape. His accompanying monograph is published by Mack Books in London.
The English photographer Nick Waplington's contribution to the project consists of an archive of portraits and landscape photos from Jewish settlements in the West Bank. His monograph "Settlement" is published by Mack Books in London.
The Joudehs and Nuseibehs, both Muslim families, have for centuries safeguarded the keys to the church in the Old City built where Jesus Christ is believed to have been crucified and then buried.
Israel occupied east Jerusalem along with the West Bank in the 1967 Six-Day War and later declared the entire city its united capital. Since then, Palestinians say they have been denied the full range of rights and benefits given to Jewish citizens.
More than 200,000 Israelis now live in mostly modern, newly built blocs east of the 1967 armistice line – decried as illegal settlements by the international community, but thriving and growing under Israeli law.
The Old City is only one square kilometre, but hosts some of the holiest sites in Christianity, Islam and Judaism. It is also a functioning neighbourhood of more than 35,000 people, with homes, schools and shops tightly packed in.
Reaching the match involves winding through labyrinthine streets before the road opens onto a floodlit fake grass pitch flanked by the 16th-century walls of the Old City. A single stand can host a hundred or so fans.
The Abu Sneihehs – reigning champions and possibly the largest of Jerusalem clans, with thousands bearing the surname – were knocked out in the first round, raising hopes for less renowned names.
The Aqals, a relatively small family, are taking on the far larger Sanuqurats in the second round.
Before the match, the referee checks documents – without the right surname you can't even enter the pitch.
One of the team's two Mohammeds, a burly striker whose look is more mechanic than Messi, has forgotten his ID and is temporarily barred.
"Will a picture of it do?" he pleads, waving one on a mobile phone.
On the side of the pitch is a 1.8-metre picture of one of the tournament's founders. He was arrested a year ago by Israeli police and jailed for involvement in an organisation which claims to protect the al-Aqsa mosque compound, located not far away in the Old City, Israeli media reports said.
Israeli security forces did not respond to a request regarding the case, but the state says the al-Aqsa Youth group is linked to banned Islamist movement Hamas. The al-Aqsa compound, which hosts the Dome of the Rock, is the third-holiest site for Muslims and a key rallying point for Palestinian identity.
For Jews, it is built on the Temple Mount, their holiest site.
Organisers said police showed up on 2 October and removed the picture. Israeli police did not respond to requests for information.
On the pitch, the Aqals take an early lead but are quickly pegged back.
The standard is not much better than average pick-up games across the world, but the crowd loves it.
Hamzy Abedy is not even really watching – instead facing towards the 25 hardcore members of the extended Aqal family, orchestrating them in ever more vociferous chants.
"We are all children of Jerusalem, so I brought all the team with me," he laughs, pointing at the frenzied teenagers.
Other participants said the tournament helped them meet members of their extended family. Just as the city they battle over is contested, there are also concerns over their pitch.
An Israeli court could yet decide to build more than 20 Israeli settlement homes in the vicinity, although there have been no developments in the case for several years, Aviv Tatarsky from the Ir Amim anti-settlement NGO said. Yet it still concerns Palestinian residents worried about being swallowed by Jewish expansion into east Jerusalem.
Abedy said Trump's recognition of Jerusalem made Palestinians more determined to remain in the city.
"Trump is talking into the wind," he said after the match. "He is not able to cancel our existence. We are here."
The Aqals run out 6-1 victors, with Mohammed scoring one and setting up another two.
"Sport is the best thing to unify the Arabs," he said, carrying his toddler away from the pitch. "All the families will meet together and know each other. The whole world loves football." (AFP)