Those with an address in Juhapura or a Muslim name needn't bother applying for a job in public service, says Menon Trivedi, a Muslim from Ahmedabad. There are many ways in which Muslims are humiliated and treated as second-class citizens, he continues.
"Once they gathered up all the dogs in the city and set them free in Muslim neighbourhoods, primarily here in Juhapura," says Trivedi, a man in his mid-40s. "Everyone in the ghetto feels vulnerable." The sewage pipes aren't serviced, sometimes the stench is unbearable. There are few banks and cash machines, power and water supplies are totally insufficient, he continues.
Gandhi's murderer – hero of the people
"Nathuram Godse was a patriot, is a patriot and will remain a patriot," announced the BJP candidate for Bhopal Pragya Singh Thakur during the election campaign in May. "People who call him a terrorist should instead look within. They'll be given a befitting reply in this election." This quote made the headlines in Indian media, because to this day, such open praise for Gandhi's assassin is seen as overstepping the mark.
The 48-year-old candidate publicly boasted about her involvement in the 1992 destruction of the Babri Mosque in nearby Ayodhya. She is also accused of participating in a 2008 bomb attack that left several Indian Muslims dead. She has therefore already spent nine years in prison and has been free on bail since 2017 – with the final judgement still pending. In spite of this, the BJP put her up as a candidate.
Several party allies and the Prime Minister Narendra Modi merely dismissed her praise for Gandhi's killer without calling for sanctions or her exclusion from the party. The Hindu hardliner, who apologised for her statement with clear reluctance, secured a seat in the lower house with an absolute majority of 60 per cent in her constituency in this year's election.
It may well be that there has not been a repeat of the large-scale pogroms of 2002, which caused international indignation. But since the BJP assumed power there has been an increase in killings carried out by lynch mobs, often over suspicions that beef has been consumed. These actions usually go unpunished and are even justified by some BJP politicians. The murders have created a climate of fear among many of the nation's 200 million Muslims.
Growing violence and capricious treatment by officialdom
There are no signs of an imminent end to the spiral of violence: in fact, what can genuinely be described as a wave of ethnic cleansing is currently in preparation in the north eastern state of Assam. All 35 million inhabitants must prove that they, or they parents, were already living in Assam before 1971. Otherwise they will be stripped of their citizenship. Early September saw the publication of the 1.9 million names of people who had lost their citizenship – most of them Muslims. The authorities have already begun the process of eviction and detention.
As stateless people they will not be able to go anywhere. Neighbouring Bangladesh – a country twice the size of Bavaria with 160 million residents – has already signalled its unwillingness to accept the stateless persons.
Assam is a testing lab and an attack on the Muslim minority in India, just like the withdrawal of Kashmir's special status. Interior Minister Amit Shah has announced his wish to roll out the Assam citizenship checks to the entire country. Amit Shah, who also describes the presumed immigrants as "vermin", has been the closest confidante of Prime Minister Modi's closest confidante for two decades. The Modi government in Delhi has distanced itself from the Gandhi legacy more than any prior administration.
© Qantara 2019
Translated from the German by Nina Coon