Prosecuting IS returnees in Germany takes the law's longest arm
Taha A.-J.*, an Iraqi man believed to have belonged to Islamic State (IS), has been standing trial in Frankfurt since late April on charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity. At the centre of his trial is the death of a 5-year-old girl belonging to the Yazidi minority group.
The charges are based on statements by his wife, Jennifer W.*, a staunch IS supporter who lived with him in the Iraqi city of Fallujah. In 2018, she told a police informant that during her first stay in IS territory in 2015 she saw Taha A.-J. punish the girl, purchased as a slave, for wetting the bed. Jennifer W. alleged that he had chained the girl to a window in the scorching sun, where she died an agonising death.
Jennifer W. has been on trial herself since April 2019, as she did nothing to save the girl. In that case, the girl's mother – also a slave in the same household – testified that she was forced to watch her daughter die.
Taha A.-J. was arrested in Greece in May 2019 under a German arrest warrant and was transferred to Germany in October. His ongoing trial – the first against a former IS militant to deal with the IS genocide of the Yazidi – has attracted international attention.
Genocide is the most serious crime under international criminal law. But according to Alexander Schwarz, a Leipzig-based lawyer who specialises in the area, "the difficulty lies in proving that the individual perpetrators were actually determined to destroy an entire ethnic group."
Schwarz admitted that Taha A.-J.'s trial is unprecedented. "For the first time, the Federal Public Prosecutor's Office is pursuing a purely international offence," he said, pointing out that the alleged act was not committed in Germany, that neither perpetrators nor victims are German citizens, and that the accused wasn't even on German territory at the time of his arrest.
International criminal law is becoming an increasingly important part of the work done by the Federal Public Prosecutor's Office. When the trial of the 35-year-old IS returnee Omaima A.* began in Hamburg on 4 May, charges against her also included crimes against humanity. Omaima A., the widow of IS jihadist Denis Cuspert, who was killed in Syria in 2018, is also said to have kept a 13-year-old Yazidi girl as a slave.
After Omaima A. returned from the Syrian war zone in 2016, she lived a peaceful life in her hometown of Hamburg for three years. It wasn't until investigative journalist Jenan Moussa, reporting for Arab television network Al-Aan TV, uncovered the necessary evidence against her that charges could be filed.