Erdogan's allure is fading
Politics was always theatre for Recep Tayyip Erdogan. The president took his first steps in politics as an actor and to this day, he is only wholly in his element on the campaign stage. In today's Turkey, Erdogan's role in the play "Maskomya" (short for Freemason, Communist, Jew) has been largely forgotten. But when 22-year-old Erdogan and his fellow students performed the play in 1976 in Istanbul, it was watched by more than 2,000 spectators.
In the play, young Islamists warn of the threat of a conspiracy by Jewish capitalists, Communist agitators and freemasons. After more than 20 performances on the Bosporus, the young Erdogan and his friends took the play on tour for several weeks, travelling through Turkey by bus. One of the highlights was a performance in the presence of Milli Gorus leader Necmettin Erbakan, a man who had a profound influence on the young Erdogan before their political paths eventually diverged.
To this day, Erdogan has retained his love for a big show as well as for the idea that in the wings of the global stage, a clandestine puppeteer is pulling the strings. It was evident in the run-up to the local elections just how much energy he still brings to the stage. Although not standing for election himself, he held more than a hundred rallies at which he prowled, yelled and sang across the stage, microphone in hand, muttering about unspecified enemies.
Orchestrated threat scenario
During his precisely choreographed appearances, a screen intermittently showed commercials featuring the roads, clinics and universities built by his party since 2002. In addition, he also showed excerpts from speeches by his rivals, before insulting them as enemies of the nation and traitors of Islam. His campaign show even used footage of the Christchurch mosque attack as a way of stoking the sense of threat.
Just as in the play of 1976, his campaign was suffused with the suggestion that Turkey faces a threat from enemies both within and without. Erdogan repeatedly invoked a danger posed by secret powers pulling the strings in politics and the economy and seeking to divide the nation. Whether he was referring to the rising cost of food, the currency decline, or the Gezi Park protests of 2013 – Erdogan blamed it all on a conspiracy against Turkey.
Many observers agreed that Turkey has never experienced such a hard-fought, polarising election campaign. That Erdogan and his party had to accept several significant losses on election night offers a glimmer of hope. The AKP – in its alliance with the right wing extremist MHP – may have once more secured a slim majority nationwide. But the two largest cities Istanbul and Ankara fell to the opposition, made up of the Kemalist CHP and the right wing IYI party.
Electoral debacle in Ankara and Istanbul
While CHP candidate Mansur Yavas looked set to clinch the capital, in Istanbul the vote count was as tense as a crime thriller. Just a few thousand votes separated the two candidates and around midnight, the AKP candidate Binali Yildirim claimed victory. But on the following morning, the electoral commission announced that the CHP politician Ekrem Imamoglu had a lead of 28,000 votes.