"They are afraid of the truth"
"Resist, my people, resist them. In Jerusalem, I dressed my wounds and breathed my sorrows. And carried my soul in the palm of my hand. For an Arab Palestine."
So read the first few lines of Dareen Tatour's poem, "Resist my People", which, following publication on YouTube, landed her in jail for "incitement to violence and supporting a terrorist organisation".
Tatour, a poet and social media activist, is one of hundreds of Palestinians across Israel and the occupied Palestinian territories who are detained by Israel each year for social media posts. As Palestinians have taken to social media to express their rejection of living under occupation, Israel has increased its monitoring and censorship of online posts.
More digital rights for Palestinians
In order to address the shrinking space for freedom of expression in Palestine and promote digital rights, 7amleh, the Arab Centre for Social Media Advancement, organised a three-day long Palestinian Digital Activism Forum. The gathering was supported financially by the DW Academy, which also sends its trainers to the region to speak about digital issues.
Human Rights Watch Palestine and Israel Director Omar Shakir is convinced that social media has essentially provided Israel with an outlet to curtail the basic civil rights of Palestinians. "Israel very heavily polices these platforms [and] uses them to monitor and restrict the rights of Palestinians who engage in free expression."
In 2015 Israel set up a Cyber Unit, which falls under the state attorney's office to deal with "cyberspace enforcement challenges" through the censorship of social media posts. The unit did not reply to requests for an interview. 7amleh says their work is conducted in collaboration with social media giants like Facebook and YouTube to remove content and block user access.
Arrested for speaking freely
Tatour was one of the first Palestinians to be targeted by the unit and then arrested in a pre-dawn raid on her home in October 2015. Thereafter, Tatour was moved between different Israeli prisons for three months before being placed under house arrest.
In May last year, an Israeli court convicted her for incitement to violence and sentenced her to five months in prison. "I did not think for a moment that I would ever be arrested for writing and publishing a poem," Tatour said.
In her poem, Tatour wanted to express the suffering of her people living under occupation. "I wanted to say that it is our right to resist injustice and occupation."