Palestinians decry 'collective punishment' over Israel's Nablus closure

02.11.2022

With customers unable to reach his shop for the past two weeks because of an Israeli-enforced lockdown, Abdelaziz al-Qadi's small convenience store in the West Bank city of Nablus has been left dark.

Wasting money on electricity is pointless, he explained, when Israeli forces are ensuring no traffic can pass his door. On a normal day "there is not a single place to park" outside his shop, Qadi said.

Israel's sweeping closure of Nablus has restricted travel in and out of the northern West Bank city for around 200,000 Palestinians. Military raids inside the old city have intensified as Israel pursues an emerging armed group called "The Lions' Den", which has claimed a series of recent attacks, including the killing of an Israeli soldier in the nearby settlement of Shavei Shomron on 11 October.

Five Palestinians were killed in Nablus on Tuesday in a massive Israeli operation that Prime Minister Yair Lapid said led to the death of Lions' Den leader Wadih al-Houh. Tensions remain high and the threat of another Israeli raid is persistent.

Now a large mound of earth blocks the road leading to Qadi's shop while, on the other side, three Israeli soldiers stand guard. Qadi estimates that Israel's crackdown on the group is costing him around 1,500 Israeli shekels per day, while all neighbouring restaurants have closed.

"Rubbish, rubbish, rubbish," he sighed as he sorted through piles of expired produce. Three of the store's four fridges are unplugged, saving him the 60-70 shekels in daily electricity costs. "Obviously, I'm upset, I'm paying the price for this situation," he said.

But he added that the "Palestinian resistance has the right to fight against the occupation".

The Lions' Den is a loose coalition of fighters that is unaligned with more established Palestinian factions.  Late leader Ibrahim al-Nabulsi, nicknamed "The Lion of Nablus", was known for galvanising the youth before he was shot dead by Israeli forces in August. He has since become a folk hero to Palestinians on social media.

On Wednesday, Nablus mayor Sami Hijawi denounced what he called a "siege" on his city disrupting daily life, the local economy and access to medical care and education.

For some, the recent weeks have bought back memories of the Second Intifada, or uprising, which shook both Israeli and Palestinian daily life from 2000 to 2005. A 100-day curfew was imposed on Nablus at the time.

Yet for Tayel al-Hawari of the local chamber of commerce, today "the situation is worse". "At the time, there were alternative routes, but today even the small roads through the villages are closed," he said.

The city, which is one of the West Bank's economic hubs, is exporting just 20 percent of its regular output, Hawari said.  The normally clogged streets are deserted while the prestigious Al Najah University has told its 25,000 students to study remotely.

At the city's western gates, hundreds of vehicles queued at a military checkpoint.

For Mohammad Marei, the checkpoints "are a kind of humiliation or torture", he said as he waited to pass through on his way to cultivate olive trees at his nearby farm. "It's just a collective punishment," he said.

The Israeli army says the blockades and inspections are "due to the recent rise in terrorism within the city". It said the Lions' Den had carried out "approximately 20 terrorist attacks against Israeli civilians and security forces over the past month".

The military "exhausts all means at its disposal to maintain the security of the civilians of the area and works to maintain their normal life routines," it said in a statement, adding that the "closure" of Nablus would end depending on "strategic assessments".

With the blockade in its third week, 44-year-old teacher Sadyya Khatib said she was searching for answers to give her four-year-old daughter.  "She asks, why they are shouting, bombing like this?"
"I don't know how to explain," she admitted.

Khatib had been waiting two hours at a checkpoint for a journey that usually takes just 20 minutes. In front of her, Israeli soldiers peered into vehicles and checked paperwork, assault rifles in hand.

Khatib voiced anger at being made to suffer for an Israeli operation against a militant group. "It's not our business, we are teachers," she said.    (AFP)

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