Open to new influences
It is highly probable that any fan of Persian fusion music has already heard the voice of Mamak Khadem. In the early 1990s, she was the lead singer in the first band that introduced Iranian classical music to Western ears in a form that was easily accessible. Based in America, the group "Axiom of Choice" and its fusion of ethno-pop became known far beyond its initial public of Iranian exiles in Los Angeles to make its mark in the larger world music scene.
Even when only a relative few know her name, Mamak Khadem has long since ensured her place among Iranian exile singers on the basis of her three solo albums. Her music consists of both Iranian and Western elements, although other sounds from different musical traditions have increasingly found their way into the mix.
Greek melodies with Rumi lyrics
Khadem recorded the album "Jostejoo" (The Search), released in 2009, in collaboration with Greek musicians and was inspired by musical encounters with the country. The combination is quite catchy – the track "Baz Amadam" (I have returned), named after a poem by Rumi, blends a clarinet and oud in a light-footed duet, while Rumi′s verses dance back and forth between the notes.
Mamak Khadem was born in Tehran and sang as a young girl with a children′s choir on state radio. At the insistence of her parents, Khadem began university studies in the USA just two years before the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Following the political upheavals in her homeland, Khadem decided to remain in America. Her passion for classical Iranian song grew with her life in exile. "My relationship to Iran has always remained intense. It took 38 years before I could finally refer to myself as an Iranian-American," says Khadem.
During her summer vacations in Iran, Khadem learned the classical repertoire of Persian music from renowned vocal coaches. As a result, her Persian vocal technique has always maintained a constant quality despite her explorations of new musical paths. "Traditional Persian music is complicated and elaborate. It has a massive repertoire, which enables musicians to establish links with music from other regions of the world," says Khadem.
For her new album, "The Road", Mamak Khadem travelled through the Balkans and allowed herself to be inspired by regional melodies. Serbian, Macedonian and Bulgarian sounds have left their mark on the album – so much so that alongside Persian and the Iranian regional languages of Kurdish, Azeri and Gilaki, Mamak Kahdem even sings in these languages.
Breaking out of old patterns
In keeping with this spirit, the melody of the track "A Thousand Strings" comes from a popular Serbian folk melody. Propelled by percussion and plucked guitar, the piece strides ahead with a leisurely 7/8 beat. Mamak Khadem sings the first lines of the track in Serbian and then shifts into a poem from Rumi′s work Diwan-e Shams. "First you have to come up with such an idea," says one Serbian YouTube follower, commenting on the music video accompanying the song.
Among the music videos for the album is also a clip in which Mamak Khadem leaps over cliffs and stands on a horse-drawn carriage traversing the countryside to the almost cliched sounds of a Balkan brass band. The woman from Los Angeles evidently has a weakness for kitschy Eastern European rustic romanticism. "Over the past few years, I have felt a strong urge to break out of my old patterns and experience life from a new perspective," says Khadem.
Her travels through the Balkans left her particularly impressed by the trans-border nature of the music there. "Although the geographical borders in this region are constantly redrawn, musicians here have always gone beyond these borders and allowed themselves to be inspired by those on the other side." For Khadem, it was perfectly natural to embellish the melodies she discovered with lyrics from her own culture. This unique mixture of Eastern European folklore and Iranian poetry alone make the songs on "The Road" worth listening to.
Going beyond the traditional
Khadem regrets the absence of such an openness towards the new among the generation of Iranian musicians with whom she grew up. Like many proponents of fusion music, Khadem criticises the traditional constraints placed upon Persian classical music. "Only now is the new generation slowly succeeding in going beyond traditional music. Nonetheless, it is still a work in progress," describes Khadem.
Khadem is making her own contribution to this effort. She is currently planning a concert with a Macedonian ensemble that she met during her work on "The Road". However, since the election protests of 2009, she no longer visits Iran. Her long life in exile has not only influenced her music, but also her perspective on her homeland.
© Qantara.de 2016
Translated from the German by John Bergeron