Islam in, from and for Germany
Forty-three-year-old imam Murat Gul is president of the Islamic Federation of Berlin and teaches Islam at the local Rosa Parks primary school.
"Ever since I was a young boy, I had a love for the Koran," said Gul, who was born in the south-western German town of Weinheim. He read it at home with his father, went to Turkey, attended a Koran course and finished his Islamic studies in Egypt. Gul said that while he was interested in learning about Islam, he "never planned to become an imam."
Upon his return to Germany, Gul applied to study medicine: "But then I witnessed young people using drugs, with no vision for the future." This inspired him to help children. "So I started to give Islam lessons," he said.
Gul believes that in order to understand and address the needs of the Muslim community, imams in Germany should know the language, the education system and the culture of the country they live in.
Among Germany's nearly 4.5 million Muslims, around 3 million are of Turkish origin. Almost 90 percent of imams in Germany are educated outside the country. The majority of them come from Turkey.
The German Islam Conference, convened by Germany's interior minister since 2006, set a goal last November to address the education and financing of local imams. The German government believes it is time to increase the Muslim community's integration into society by reducing foreign financial and institutional influence. It is therefore pushing for an "Islam in, from and for Germany" initiative to find a solution for the very low number of local imams.
When young people born and raised in Germany go to mosques or seek the advice of an imam, "then it would be an advantage were the religious staff in the mosques to have some experience of daily life in Germany," said Deputy Interior Minister Markus Kerber.
"Our aim is not to 'Germanise' Islam," said Kerber, who is the official in charge of relations between the German government and the country's Muslim community. "We want Muslims living here to feel truly at home and accepted and that they enrich our country."