Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani speaks during a news conference following the Fields Medal award ceremony at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Seoul, 13 August 2014.

The Persian poetry of mathematics
From Omar Khayyam to Mirzakhani – Iran’s beautiful minds

Presenting a more nuanced vision of their common homeland, Iran, to Western imaginations, kindred spirits Omar Khayyam and Maryam Mirzakhani stand out against the twenty-first century backdrop of anti-Iranian sentiment and Islamophobia. By Hamid Dabashi

"The Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani, who died on 14 July 2017, at the age of forty, was known to her colleagues as a virtuoso in the dynamics and geometry of complex surfaces – 'science-fiction mathematics', one admirer called it – and to her young daughter, Anahita, as something of an artist." 

Siobhan Roberts’ words in the New Yorker sums up in simplest terms the sudden sense of loss and quiet mourning millions of Iranians around the world and, with them, the world of science at large felt at the tragic ending of a beautiful mind so early in its blooming.  

World-renowned mathematician and professor of mathematics at Stanford University Maryam Mirzakhani (1977-2017), the first woman to win Fields Medal prize, passed away battling cancer. Born and raised in Iran, Mirzakhani became a globally celebrated mathematician soon after she obtained her BSc in mathematics in 1999 from Sharif University of Technology in Tehran.

She travelled to the United States for her graduate studies, earning her PhD from Harvard University in 2004. She was awarded the Fields Medal in 2014 for her "outstanding contributions to the dynamics and geometry of Riemann surfaces and their moduli spaces". Her death left her immediate family, her friends and colleagues, and with them her nation, at a loss for words. 


Complicating the global image of a nation
Many of the reactions to Mirzakhani's death were both normal and predictable. The Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and the President of Stanford University Marc Tessier-Lavigne both issued solemn statements of condolence. The Iranian media competed in showering her with accolades. The Iranian oppositional venues in the United States and Europe began to use and abuse the occasion to denounce the Islamic Republic for its various policies, especially for the conditions conducive to "brain drain".
Maryam Mirzakhani left Iran to pursue her advanced mathematical studies in the United States. Had she been born a thousand years ago, she would have gone to Baghdad to do so – and she would have probably gone to Beijing were she to have been born just a couple of decades from now.
The question of "brain drain" is, of course, a serious malady in Iran and many other similar countries. But Maryam Mirzakhani was no "brain drain". Hers was a superior intelligence and she travelled where she could nourish it best – and that travelling did not suddenly turn her into this strange thing called "Iran-born", instead of just plain "Iranian".
But something else, something quite simple and significant, was also happening, just like Maryam Mirzakhani herself, gently and quietly.
Both upon their global recognitions and – perforce – upon their early and tragic passing, markedly brilliant minds and beautiful souls like Maryam Mirzakhani become a symbol, a sign, a citation far beyond who they are, and what they have achieved in their professional calling. From the time that she achieved her coveted Fields Medal, Maryam Mirzakhani began to complicate the global image of her homeland, against the backdrop of the pervasive demonisation of Iran by one brand of warmongering or another.
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