EU-Turkey dealThe alternative is Idomeni
EU Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker called the outcome of the EU summit with Turkey on 7 March a "game changer". But Juncker is largely alone in his enthusiasm. In Germany especially, there is very little euphoria over the ambitious plan that Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu is reported to have hammered out with Chancellor Angela Merkel. This timidity is regrettable, because Germany has a key role to play in the process.
Conservative critics and Kurdish organisations complain that Merkel has made over-generous concessions to Turkey; indeed they say that the chancellor has made herself a hostage of Turkish President Erdogan. Human rights activists accuse her of having practically relinquished refugee protection. And sceptics are doubtful that the plan can even be realised.
But the essential features of the deal are right and the goals are sensible. Merkel emphasises that the focus of the deal is to turn the unchecked mass movement of people – thus far along the well-trodden Balkan route, which has now been sealed off – into legal migration. Of course it will also aim to reduce the number of refugees coming to Europe. After all, if as many people continue to come as in recent weeks, the figure for this year will be considerably more than the one million arriving in Europe in 2015.
The question is not whether Europe will struggle to cope with this number. It is more a case of what the political consequences of this unchecked flow might be for the continent, whether governments can support it and whether the EU would survive the further rise of right wing populist parties. The answer doesn't look all that rosy.
Idomeni is no alternative
NATO patrol boats should therefore monitor the Aegean region and send back to Turkey those refugees who have been transported to Greece in rubber dinghies. In return, as far as Merkel and Davutoglu are concerned, primarily Syrian civil war refugees stranded in Turkey for years should be flown out to Europe in groups. Through this blend of deterrence and an incentive to apply for a place in a contingent, it is hoped that as many people as possible will be discouraged from setting out under their own steam.
The plan has two highly problematic elements: firstly, the "one-in, one-out" principle proposed by Turkey, a concept that smacks of horse-trading, makes little sense. If refugees stopped arriving in Greece, then Turkey's burden would not be eased.
It would be better if Europe – and first and foremost Germany – would commit to accepting a fixed contingent of refugees. The "upper limit" on this is a matter for debate. And secondly, it must be clear that the return of refugees to Turkey can only occur after a legal review of each individual case and not arbitrarily on the basis of a person's country of origin.
Parties interested in a humanitarian solution to this crisis should insist on adherence to these two points. As well as making sure that Merkel successfully realises her plan. After all, what is the alternative? It can already be observed in Idomeni: that isolationist policies are implemented a la Victor Orban, who seals himself off with fences and barbed wire, who feels no sense of humanitarian obligation and is determined to leave Greece alone with the refugees.
Instead of fundamentally opposing this deal, left wing forces in Germany should ensure that the contingents for asylum seekers from Turkey are made as large as possible, and that as many Syrians and Iraqis as possible can be directly relocated to Germany. This would save the lives of many people who are otherwise at the mercy of the traffickers.
© Qantara.de 2016