Queer forms migrate
Displaying 12 artists' works exploring the gay dialogue between Turkey and Germany, the exhibition "ğ – the soft g," on show at Berlin's Schwules Museum (Gay Museum) doesn't shy away from politics.
Regardless of the limited space – the museum dedicated one large room to the show – the exhibition provides insight into an otherwise hidden part of the Turkish cultural legacy.
The Berlin-Istanbul connection
"We used the letter ğ to describe the show because it's a hybrid letter that appeared in the Turkish alphabet in 1928, after the transition from the Perso-Arabic to the Latin alphabet," Emre Busse, co-curator of the exhibition, explains. "It's a metaphor for how Germans and people from other nations usually don't know how to articulate the sound, so they mispronounce our names. We see a gay possibility in this act that gives us a new identity," he adds.
The exhibition, subtitled "Queer forms migrate," demonstrates how Germany helped shape the Turkish LGBTIQ community, directly or remotely.
Like Emre Busse, most of the participating artists were born in Turkey but later settled in Germany. Born in Istanbul, Busse graduated from Bauhaus University in Weimar two years ago. He then moved to Berlin, where he started working as a filmmaker and curator.
The exhibition also presents artworks by a Kurdish, a Singaporean and a Dutch artist.
From drag queens to lesbian sex toys
The large hazel eyes of the famous drag character Fatma Souad, framed with fake lashes and arched, sharply defined eyebrows, steal the attention as she smiles from her portrait by artist Cihangir Gumusturkmen, posing stiffly in a campy ensemble of a red dress and a golden necklace.
In front of her, there's a shoe, a dildo and a lace tablecloth, an allegory for lesbian coitus by Nilbar Gures.
While the exhibition focuses in large part on sexuality and eroticism, there are also pieces of a private, intimate nature, such as Ming Wong's sound installation about his music teacher's personal story.
Turkey's unspoken position
As Busse admitted, it wouldn't be easy for him to stage an exhibition where a leather sling stands next to abstract photos of sweaty floors in Turkey right now.
"There is no official policy against the LBGT community, but the pride parade was cancelled last year. The authorities said the date overlapped with Ramadan, that it wasn't appropriate to show sexuality during the holy months. I wonder what will happen in years to come," Busse said. "These days, many of my gay friends are leaving Turkey. State abuse is getting harsher, but at least it's finally visible," he said, hinting that any apparent departure from heteronormativity is still punished in his home country.
Questioned about Turkish politicians coming to Europe to campaign in the run-up to Turkey's referendum, Busse remarks: "Freedom of speech is one thing, but I believe there is a certain rise of fascism that needs to stop. We can see that democracy isn't working in Turkey anymore, which is why I have lost hope in the elections," he said. "What's happening right now – not only in Turkey, but also in Germany and other countries, is that right-wing extremism is rising every day."
"This chaotic atmosphere doesn't allow people – gay or not – to concentrate on their lives. You have to survive first, but if this strategy becomes your life, living becomes quite exhausting."
© Deutsche Welle 2017
The exhibition "ğ – the soft g" is on show at the Schwules Museum* in Berlin until May 29, 2017.