Interfaith dialogueMuslim-Jewish pilgrimage to Auschwitz
In 2013, the leader of Berlin's Social Democratic parliamentary group, Raed Saleh, visited the Auschwitz-Birkenau memorial site with a group of pupils.
The fact that Saleh, who was born in the West Bank and came to Germany as a 5-year-old, made his way to the site of a former Nazi concentration and extermination camp garnered national attention. At the time, he was Germany's most prominent Muslim to ever visit the site where Nazis murdered more than 1.1 million people, most of them Jews, during the Holocaust.
"There was this pupil called Mustafa, a really big guy, standing in front of a vast pile of children's shoes," said Saleh, recalling the visit to bloc 5 of Auschwitz-Birkenau camp. "Each pair had once belonged to a child obviously, and suddenly I noticed how this realisation did something to Mustafa." The lawmaker says the pupils in his group had "diverse, multi-religious backgrounds" in Berlin and that "anti-Semitism among young Muslims is not uncommon."
Few visitors from Arab world
According to the director of the Auschwitz memorial site, Piotr Cywinski, more than 2.3 million people visited in 2019. Yet he said among these "were only a handful of people from Arab world." Last year, the museum's ticket reservation system registered some 3,200 guests from Arab-majority countries.
The religious affiliation of visitors is not, however, recorded. Cywinski said the site also receives Muslims among groups of French, Norwegian, German and other visitors. He is "certain that for all of them, coming to an authentically preserved site of a former camp is an important personal and universal experience."
On Thursday 23 January, the memorial site will be visited by the most senior Muslim figure to date: Sheikh Mohammed al-Issa, the secretary general of the Muslim World League, who represents over a billion Muslims worldwide. Al-Issa, who previously served as Saudi justice minister, will make his way to the former camp with David Harris, the director of the American Jewish Committee (AJC). This joint visit by a high-ranking 54-year-old Islamic scholar and a 70-year-old descendant of Holocaust survivors is nothing short of remarkable.
"Shook humanity to the core"
The joint visit to Auschwitz has a two-year history, which began long before the barbaric murder of the Saudi journalist Khashoggi in Istanbul and subsequent efforts by the Saudis to restore their reputation. It began with a letter that does not fit at all with the widespread Muslim hatred of Jews and the omission of the Shoah from the school curricula of many Arab countries.
Some two years ago, al-Issa sent a letter to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, in which he expressed "great sympathy with the victims of the Holocaust, an incident that shook humanity to the core." He underlined that "true Islam is against these crimes" and that "we consider any denial of the Holocaust or minimising of its effect a crime to distort history and an insult to the dignity of those innocent souls who have perished."
In May 2018 he visited the museum, "I saw for myself the mountains of evidence – the videos, the photos, the placards, the interviews, the memorabilia – that testify to the historic truth of the Holocaust. One doesn't have to go to the museum to recognise the enormity of the Holocaust – but no one who does come to the museum can deny it." He went on to "urge all Muslims to learn the history of the Holocaust, to visit memorials and museums to this horrific event." And he quoted Elie Wiesel's appeal that "For the dead and the living, we must bear witness," as well as the Koran, which states: "O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah."
Initiative widely welcomed
Al-Issa described all this in an op-ed in The Washington Post on 25 January 2019, just prior to the anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz. He himself recounted how, after sending his letter to Holocaust museum director Sara Bloomfield, he received a "flood" of messages from Muslim religious scholars endorsing the views that he expressed.