The humans behind the headlines
The only place Syria still exists as a coherent state is in peopleʹs memories and various history books. Award-winning journalist Abouzeid, who lives in Beirut, argues that it has been replaced by a number of different Syrias. In an attempt to understand the Syrian tragedy, her book "No turning back" spells out the views of many different people.
It all started in 2011 with peaceful protests, when some youngsters wrote graffiti on walls, but it increasingly escalated into war and ultimately dissolved an entire nation. As the author reports, the UN stopped counting victims in 2013 because reliable information proved impossible to obtain. Experts now estimate that half a million have died – and that half of Syria’s 23 million people have been displaced from their homes.
Turning a blind eye
Abouzeid regrets that the West has lost interest in one of our age’s worst humanitarian and geopolitical disasters. The images are too horrific, the scenario too complex and an end is not in sight.
At the same time, the war has had a huge impact on Syria’s neighbours, and even on the EU – with the arrival of millions of refugees.
For the last five years, Abouzeid has travelled repeatedly to Syria. She visited the front lines, but she also went to Turkey, Washington and various places in Europe. In her many conversations with Syrian people, she wanted to find out why the situation has gone on getting worse.
Rather than being another sanitised account told from a safe distance, her book consists of moving stories and vivid portraits from within Syria.
Abouzeid tells the story of Suleiman, who was a prosperous business man with family ties to autocratic President Bashar al-Assad. He saw no reason to protest and knew the rules of the game. But the courage of the activists and the prospect of a lasting political settlement fascinated him.
He began to film the protests and post videos online. Assad’s security forces became aware of him and he underwent the ordeal of prison and torture.
A life turned upside down
Another important person Abouzeid writes about is Mohammad, who already opposed the regime before the Arab Spring started and who basically identifies with radical Islam.
He spent years in Syrian prisons, which have a reputation of torture, and became increasingly radical. Abouzeid neither spares readers the atrocities he witnessed nor the brutal violence he later perpetrated as a commander with the Nusra militia.
All of the book’s episodes have one thing in common: they show how people’s lives were turned upside down at some point during the war.
In contrast to conventional war reporting, Abouzeid does not tell us what she saw and witnessed herself. Instead, she lets people tell their stories.
Like pieces of a jigsaw puzzle, the episodes add up to one big picture that illustrates the tragedy of Syria’s war. The book spells out that there can be no victors in this war. No matter on which side people stand, they all lose.
Focus on the human aspect
It also shows how diverse political forces incrementally usurped an initially peaceful protest movement. Nonetheless, it becomes clear that none of the country’s main political players are in control anymore.
Abouzeid’s impressive book is likely to raise fresh awareness of the Syrian drama. Those who read "No turning back" will find their perception of the news altered – to see the humans behind the headlines.
The news emerging from Syria remains alarming; the human rights situation depressing. The big question is whether peace will get a chance in some kind of reunited Syria. According to a recent report issued by Germany’s Foreign Office, the police, security forces and secret service in Syria are systematically torturing members of the opposition and those merely suspected of supporting it. Nor does the regime shy away from torturing women and even children.