In the spirit of Turkey's deepening relations to the countries of Africa, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan invited his partners to Istanbul for the third Turkey-Africa Summit. Beyond Erdogan and Trade Minister Mehmet Mus, speakers included Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) President Felix Tshisekedi and Africa Union (AU) Commission Chair Moussa Faki Mahamat. Representatives from the new African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat were also on hand.

Turkey-Africa summit
Erdogan scores "Made in Turkey" points

Ankara staged its third Turkey-Africa summit on 17 December, a sign of growing economic partnership under President Erdogan. Military co-operation is also a hot topic. Martina Schwikowski, Daniel Bellut and Pelin Unker have the details

Ivorian businessman Lilli Firmin Tre works with Turkey for one simple reason – "I chose Turkey because of the quality of its products," he says. Tre runs the SIG Group, a real estate company operating in Ivory Coast, and he has maintained close ties in Turkey for quite some time.

Tre emphasises that Turkey's strength lies in the fact that it largely maintains its own production. Other European countries, he says, offer more Asian goods. "There is a lot to learn in the building sector, the Turks have a lot of specialised knowledge. They are good when it comes to workmanship, interior design – their colour coordination is also spot on and they use good materials," the businessman swoons. But best of all, he adds – "They offer European quality at Asian prices."

For their part, Turkish business partners buy cocoa from Ivory Coast, as well as shea butter, cashew nuts and occasionally wood. Tre says one of the few problems is communication. Turkish partners very rarely speak English and none speak French, so there's always the need for an interpreter.

Still, business is booming in the region. In nearby Senegal, Moussa Mbaye is expecting three or four containers full of Turkish iron this month – twice as much as last year. The 32-year-old coordinates operations for the Turkish firm La Turquoise, which offers services to Senegalese companies. Mbaye claims 90% of all business between Senegal and Turkey crosses his desk: "We're expanding international trade. We sell furniture, iron and replacement parts," he explains. Adding that all of those things can be had for good prices in Turkey.

Turkey's Erdogan (l) is a regular visitor to Africa, as here with President Lourenco of Angola in October (photo: picture-alliance/AA/Turkish Presidency handout)
Arms exports were also a big topic at the Istanbul summit: Turkish arms and aeronautics exports to Ethiopia, for instance, shot from around $235,000 in January to nearly $94.6 million in November according to the Turkish Exporters' Assembly. Sales to Angola, Chad and Morocco have seen similar jumps

Africa, market of the future

 

In the spirit of Turkey's deepening relations to the countries of Africa, President Recep Tayyip Erdogan invited his partners to Istanbul for the third Turkey-Africa Summit. Beyond Erdogan and Trade Minister Mehmet Mus, speakers included Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) President Felix Tshisekedi and Africa Union (AU) Commission Chair Moussa Faki Mahamat. Representatives from the new African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat were also on hand.

The numbers speak for themselves: trade volume between Turkey and Africa is enormous, as economist Guven Sak of the Turkish Institute for Economic Policy (TEPAV) reveals. "The sum total of all projects completed on the continent to date is around $70 billion (€62 billion)." In 2020, says Sak, Turkish exports to Africa valued $15 billion.

"Continental Africa has the world's youngest population and also its fastest population growth." According to United Nations (UN) estimates, Africa's population will have tripled at least by 2100, growing to over four billion. Sak sees expanded relations as a natural result of investment opportunities in the areas of urban infrastructure, logistics, energy and construction: "The fact that Africa is extremely rich – both in traditional, as well as renewable energy resources – offers opportunities for a fast-growing market," continues the economist.

A growing network of ties

 

Relations between the two regions have improved dramatically since Ankara declared 2005 "Africa Year". Turkey's central government recognised that lucrative business opportunities were to be found in industrial production and construction. Turkish businesses and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), especially those working in the education sector, established a presence on the continent.

Work begins in Istanbul on Turkey's mega canal project (photo: Dilara Sankaya/Reuters)
"European quality at Asian prices": Turkey's strength lies in the fact that it largely maintains its own production. "There is a lot to learn in the building sector, the Turks have a lot of specialised knowledge," says Ivorian businessman Lilli Firmin Tre. Turkey has also established a reputation as a humanitarian partner. For example, Ankara sent experts for road, school and hospital projects to war-torn and drought-ridden Somalia. In return, observers say Turkey gained access to the strategically important Gulf of Aden, allowing it to cover its own energy needs

With improved business ties came improved diplomatic ties: Turkey has been a "strategic partner" to the African Union since 2008, conducting meetings with African heads of state and government. In autumn 2021, President Erdogan paid state visits to Angola, Nigeria and Togo.

Meanwhile, Turkey has also established a reputation as a humanitarian partner. For example, Ankara sent experts for road, school and hospital projects to war-torn and drought-ridden Somalia. In return, observers say Turkey gained access to the strategically important Gulf of Aden, allowing it to cover its own energy needs.

Military co-operation

 

Security ties between Turkey and the continent have also assumed major importance since Erdogan came to power in 2014. Somalia, Turkey's doorway to sub-Saharan Africa, has been the site of TURKSOM – Turkey's largest overseas military base – since 2017.

Therefore, it makes sense that arms exports were also a big topic at the Istanbul summit. Turkish arms and aeronautics exports to Ethiopia, for instance, shot from around $235,000 in January to nearly $94.6 million in November according to the Turkish Exporters' Assembly. Sales to Angola, Chad and Morocco have seen similar jumps.

One of Turkey's best-selling items is the Bayraktar TB2 combat and surveillance drone. The unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) has been used in a number of conflicts and has proven itself highly effective. Reuters news agency reported that Morocco and Tunisia took delivery of Turkish combat drones in September, adding that a large number of other African nations have voiced interest as well. 

Martina Schwikowski, Daniel Bellut & Pelin Unker

© Deutsche Welle 2021

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